Police clashed briefly in the Philippine capital on Tuesday with about 300 protesters opposed to a planned visit by President Barack Obama and continued US military presence in the country.
Riot police holding up shields across a road from the US Embassy were pushed back by the demonstrators, prompting the police to retaliate with truncheons.
Carrying placards saying “US troops out now” and “Obama not welcome,” the protesters allied with the May One Movement workers’ federation were able to hold a brief programme of speeches denouncing US imperialism in front of the seaside embassy before dispersing peacefully. No arrests were made and there were no serious injuries in the scuffle.
About 500 American soldiers are based in the south where they have been providing Philippine troops anti-terrorism training since 2002. Protesters say their presence violates Philippine sovereignty. The Philippine constitution allows foreign military bases only under a treaty.
Obama is scheduled to visit the Philippines in April, part of a tour of Asia which will also take him to Japan, South Korea and Malaysia to ramp up Washington’s diplomatic, economic and economic ties with its allies in the region.
Elmer Labor, chairman of the labour federation, said the protest was meant to show opposition to what he called a “conspiracy” between the Aquino and Obama governments to maintain US troops in the country by raising the “China bogey” to justify the presence of more American forces.
China and Philippines, which has one of the weakest militaries in Asia, have conflicting claims over parts of the South China Sea.
Nearly a century of US military presence in the country ended in 1992 after the Philippine Senate voted to end a lease on a naval and an air base, which were then among the largest American military facilities overseas. However, seven years later the two sides signed a Visiting Forces Agreement that currently permits limited US troop visits, mostly in the south where Filipino troops are battling militants.
Negotiations began last year on a new defence agreement that would allow larger numbers of US troops to have temporary access to Philippine military camps and bring in aircraft, ships and other equipment.