The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year.
Satellite images show North Korea nuclear tests ‘on hold’
Recent satellite images of North Korea's nuclear and rocket test sites do not point to any imminent tests, a US think tank said yesterday, despite last week's threat by the communist state to flex its nuclear muscle.
The images indicated that excavation continued on a new tunnel at the remote Punggye-ri test site in the northeast, but there was little or no activity at other key parts of the facility, said the closely followed 38 North website of the Johns Hopkins University's US-Korea Institute.
"In short, there are no indicators that a new test will be conducted in the next few months," the website said.
North Korea last week threatened to demonstrate its nuclear deterrence in a move that analysts say could indicate the regime is preparing to carry out a fourth atomic test amid long-stalled disarmament talks. The National Defence Commission (NDC), chaired by leader Kim Jong-un, said the North would continue "to bolster its nuclear deterrent for self-defence".
"And additional measures will be taken to demonstrate its might, one after another, as long as the US nuclear threat and blackmail persist as now," the NDC said in a statement carried by Pyongyang state media.
The purpose of the ongoing excavation at Punggye-ri was unclear, 38 North said. Construction continues at the gantry and launch pad of the Sohae Satellite Launching Station on the western coast.
There was also no apparent test-related activity at the North's other long-range rocket launching site at Tonghae on the northeastern coast, which was last used for testing in 2009. However, a large amount of building material had arrived, 38 North said.
"While there are no signs of impending tests, activities at the three facilities indicate that Pyongyang is increasing its ability to conduct future tests," the website said.
North Korea staged its third - and most powerful - nuclear test in February last year after two tests in 2006 and 2009.
The reclusive state and its main ally China want a resumption of six-party talks on the North's nuclear weapons programme, but Washington and Seoul both insist that Pyongyang must first demonstrate some tangible commitment to abandoning nuclear weapons.