The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year.
North Korean rocket tests sign of anger at military drills, says analyst
Pyongyang fires 30 more missiles into the sea as S Korea-US joint military exercises continue
North Korea test-fired 30 short-range missiles into the sea yesterday, South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff said, the latest in a series of such launches despite calls from Seoul and Washington to stop "provocative actions".
"North Korea fired off 30 short-range missiles between 4am and 6.10am from its east coast into the Sea of Japan [East Sea]," said a spokesman for the Joint Chiefs.
"The missiles are estimated to have flown about 60 kilometres," he added.
Analysts said the missiles had been launched from the same location as 25 projectiles last Sunday, near the eastern port of Wonsan. The projectiles were Soviet-era short range Frog missiles from the 1960s, they said.
"This is an expression of anger at the joint military exercises" South Korea has been staging with the United States, Professor Yang Moo-jin of the University of North Korean Studies said.
It is not unusual for Pyongyang to carry out such tests but there has been a spate of them in recent weeks. Yesterday's launch was the sixth in just over a month.
South Korea urged North Korea last week to stop what it called "provocative" and potentially dangerous tests.
"The North should stop actions that cause military tension and unnerve its neighbours," Seoul's defence ministry spokesman Kim Min-seok said.
"Provocative action made without any prior notifications ... can pose significant danger to sea vessels and aircraft passing by the area."
The US State Department had also called on Pyongyang to refrain from "provocative actions that aggravate tensions".
Beijing expressed concern earlier this month after the North test-fired a rocket into the flight path of a Chinese airliner.
But Yang downplayed the danger.
"North Korea apparently decided to get rid of its rusting stockpile of some 100 Frog missiles by lobbing them into the sea as a show of force," he said. "This is merely a low-level provocation.
"The North is likely to test-fire all the remaining Frog missiles in the near future", he added.
The annual South Korean-US military drills started in late February and will run until mid-April.
The North has habitually criticised the Key Resolve and Foal Eagle exercises, along with other military drills south of the border, as rehearsals for an invasion.
Seoul and Washington say they are purely defensive.
Earlier this month, the North's powerful National Defence Commission threatened to demonstrate its nuclear deterrent in the face of what it called US hostility.
But Seoul's defence ministry said there was no sign of an imminent nuclear test by the North, which staged three atomic tests in 2006, 2009 and last year.
The latest missile tests came as South Korea and Japan said on Friday that their leaders will hold a summit with US President Barack Obama next week, in a breakthrough after Washington urged the pair to mend badly strained ties.
The meeting on the sidelines of an international nuclear conference taking place in The Hague tomorrow and Tuesday will mark the first formal talks between President Park Geun-hye and Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe since they took office more than a year ago.