The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year.
North Korea fires two medium-range missiles after rivals' three-nation security talks
Latest rocket tests off North's east coast seen as challenge to Japan-US-South Korea summit
North Korea reportedly test-fired two medium-range ballistic missiles today in a challenge to a rare three-way summit of its rivals Seoul, Tokyo and Washington which focused on the North’s security threat.
The launch of the Rodong missiles, the first time since 2009, violates UN Security Council resolutions and marks a big escalation from a series of shorter-range rocket launches the North has staged in recent weeks to protest ongoing annual military drills by the United States and South Korea.
Pyongyang claims the drills are a preparation for invasion.
The missiles flew about 650 kilometres off North Korea’s east coast early this morning, South Korean Defence Ministry spokesman Kim Min-seok said.
It was not immediately clear where the missiles splashed down. Kim said the missiles were likely fired from a mobile launcher.
The North’s arsenal of an estimated 300 Rodong missiles could in theory be fitted with nuclear warheads once Pyongyang masters the ability to miniaturize atomic bombs and, with a range of up to 1,300 kilometres, could reach Tokyo and key US military bases in Japan.
The US State Department later confirmed the launch of Rodong missiles and said North Korea apparently did not issue any maritime warning.
North Korean state media made no immediate comment.
US President Barack Obama, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and South Korean President Park Geun-hye met yesterday in the Netherlands to discuss North Korea’s security threat. It was Park and Abe’s first face-to-face meeting since they both took office more than a year ago.
The launch comes on the fourth anniversary of the sinking of a South Korean warship that Seoul and other nations blame on a North Korean torpedo. Pyongyang denies involvement in the attack, which killed 46 sailors.
It also poses a big challenge to what had been recently improving relations between Pyongyang and Seoul. A year after threatening each other with war, the bitter rivals had restored some trust and held reunions of families divided by the Korean war of the early 1950s.
The Korean Peninsula remains officially at war because that war ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty.
Joel Wit, a former State Department official and editor of the 38 North website, said the launch could be a serious setback to recent efforts by North Korea to improve relations with South Korea and Japan.
It also could put China, the North’s only major ally, in an awkward position if and when the US seeks further sanctions at the United Nations.
China has shown increasing annoyance with North Korean provocations, but Beijing also wants to avoid shaking Pyongyang and possibly jeopardising stability along its borders.
North Korea and Japan will also restart high-level government-to-government talks on Sunday after a 16-month hiatus.
An analyst said the missile launch could be a way to test Tokyo’s commitment to negotiating a deal that would provide aid to Pyongyang in return for returning any surviving Japanese abducted by North Korea in the 1970s and 1980s.
“If Japan goes ahead with talks despite the missile launches, that would be a strong signal to Pyongyang of Japan’s commitment to the talks,” said Narushige Michishita, director of the Security and International Studies Programme at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies in Tokyo.
During a regular briefing today, Japan’s chief cabinet secretary Yoshihide Suga called the launches “extremely problematic” but he said Tokyo would go ahead with the planned talks with Pyongyang as they are set to discuss humanitarian issues.
North Korea is thought to have a handful of rudimentary nuclear bombs, but most analysts do not believe Pyongyang has yet mastered the ability to build warheads small enough to mount on a missile that could threaten the US.
To achieve that goal, Pyongyang has staged several long-range rocket tests in recent years and, a year ago, its third nuclear test. Talks aimed at ending the North’s nuclear programme have been stalled since 2009.
Last year, North Korea responded to international condemnation of its third nuclear test and the annual springtime US-South Korean military drills by threatening nuclear strikes on Washington and Seoul.
Analysts say the impoverished North chafes against the drills, which Washington and Seoul call routine and defensive in nature, because it has to spend precious resources responding with its own exercises.