The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year.
North Korea’s Kim urges soldiers to be ready for ‘impending conflict’ as Obama calls country weak ‘pariah state’
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has chided his soldiers, telling them to be ready for “impending conflict with the United States,” Pyongyang media reported on Saturday as satellites showed a nuclear test could be near.
The report comes as US President Barack Obama finishes up a two-day visit to South Korea, where he warned the North it faced tougher sanctions if the underground detonation went ahead.
It also comes after Pyongyang claimed it had been holding a young American for two weeks.
US President Barack Obama told American troops in Seoul on Saturday that North Korea is a weak “pariah state” whose heavily militarised border with the South marks “freedom’s frontier”.
The meeting place of the two countries is a division between a “democracy that is growing and a pariah state that would rather starve its people than feed their hopes and dreams”, he said.
Pyongyang’s continued pursuit of nuclear weapons is “a path that leads only to more isolation”, said Obama, as he dismissed the Stalinist state’s sabre-rattling.
The North appears to be making preparations for a nuclear test - its fourth - despite stringent sanctions imposed by the international community.
“Anybody can make threats. That does not make you strong. Those things don’t come through force, they have to be earned.”
Obama also said the US-South Korean alliance was as “strong as it has ever been”.
“We don’t hesitate to use our military might to defend our allies and our way of life,” he told cheering troops and air force personnel.
Kim, the supreme commander of the North’s 1.2-million-strong armed forces often visits military units to deliver on-the-spot “guidance” on ways to strengthen preparedness.
He usually lavishes them with praise and presents gifts such as rifles or binoculars as symbols of their vigilance.
But after watching a shelling drill by an artillery sub-unit on Friday, he upbraided soldiers for their lax approach, the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) said.
“Dear Supreme Commander Kim Jong-un said nothing is more important than preparing for combat now, in the face of an impending conflict with the United States”, KCNA reported.
North Korean state media regularly carries colourfully-phrased warnings that the isolated state is on the verge of war.
Pointing at a map, Kim ordered the unit to establish a firing position and start the shelling exercise, the agency said, without revealing the location.
“Watching the drill, he severely criticised the sub-unit for failing to make good combat preparation” citing the time it had taken to deploy, it said.
He blamed a lack of enthusiasm over training among the sub-unit’s commander and his superiors.
“The minds of the commanding officers of this sub-unit and relevant unit seem to be away from the battlefield”, he said, KCNA reported. It is unusual for the agency to carry direct quotes from Kim.
“Of course, they might do sideline jobs for improving service personnel’s living conditions and do their bit in building a rich and powerful nation.
“However, they should always give priority to combat preparations”, he said.
Speaking in Seoul on Friday after satellite imagery revealed the North was advancing preparations for a nuclear test, Obama warned it of sanctions with “more bite” unless it fell into line.
North Korea has conducted three nuclear tests, in 2006, 2009 and last year.
Underlining its status as global outlaw, Pyongyang said late on Friday that it had been holding US citizen Miller Matthew Todd, 24, since April 10 because of his “rash behaviour” while passing through immigration.