The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year.
North Korea's new 'number two'? Leadership shuffle seen in hermit state
An official news report identified Hwang Pyong-so as the director of the Korean People's Army; his predecessor's fate is unknown
North Korea has signalled a key leadership change with an announcement that the man seen as Kim Jong-un’s second in command has been replaced as political chief of the military.
In a report on May Day celebrations in Pyongyang, the North’s official KCNA news agency identified Hwang Pyong-so as the director of the Korean People’s Army (KPA) General Political Bureau, not Choe Ryong-hae, who previously held the position.
The post is generally viewed as the second most important in the military after Kim, who is supreme commander.
The leadership change comes amid growing concerns that the North is preparing to conduct a fourth nuclear test in the face of stern international opposition after satellite images showed a recent increase in activity at the country’s main test site.
“To all intents and purposes, this makes Hwang, who also has close personal ties to Kim Jong-un, the second-most powerful man in the country,” said Michael Madden, author and editor of the NK Leadership Watch website.
Hwang’s appointment came just days after KCNA reported his promotion to the rank of vice marshal on April 28 — a rank shared with Choe and just four others.
It was not immediately clear what had become of Choe, who was widely believed to have moved into the role of North Korea’s unofficial number two following the execution in December of Kim’s uncle and political mentor, Jang Song-thaek.
Choe holds a number of other top positions as a politburo standing committee member and a vice chairman of both the Central Military Commission and the National Defence Commission.
There were multiple reports earlier this year that Choe had been arrested and possibly purged after he dropped from public view for three weeks — an unusually long absence for such a senior figure.
His reappearance in March, alongside Kim, led to speculation that his disappearance might have been due to health problems.
“I don’t think we can say Choe has been purged, but he’s clearly been moved aside, possibly for health or other reasons,” said Yang Moo-Jin, a professor at the University of North Korean Studies in Seoul.
Yang agreed that Hwang was now effectively number two in the country, given his military rank, position and personal access to the supreme leader.
Hwang, 64, was a top official in the ruling party’s Organisation Guidance Department with a portfolio that included the physical and political protection of Kim Jong-un.
According to Madden, his name started to emerge in the mid-2000s around the time Kim Jong-un’s father, Kim Jong-il, was finalising arrangements for who would succeed him as leader.
“He became one of Kim Jong-un’s mentors and has been close to him for around 10 years, so he’s been groomed for this role,” Madden said.
Hwang reportedly addressed a banquet in Pyongyang held for workers at a textile mill and attended by KPA commanding officers, according to KCNA.
A report earlier in the week in the official news service said Hwang accompanied Kim on a tour of a newly built workers’ hostel at the mill but made no mention of Choe, sparking initial speculation of the leadership shuffle.
Rumours about changes at the top of the Pyongyang regime intensified following Jang Song-thaek’s execution.
In February, North Korea promoted a host of key military officials including the chief of its rocket unit, the Strategic Rocket Force Command, which is in charge of the country’s mid- and long-range missiles programme.
Ranking the leadership is North Korea is often a matter of educated guesswork, and some analysts warned that the “number two” label could be misleading, given the complex, opaque workings of the official and personal networks that determine genuine power in Pyongyang.
“In one way, there is no real ‘number two’,” said Dan Pinkston, North East Asia deputy project director with the International Crisis Group in Seoul.
“There’s the number one, and then there’s everybody else, some of whom get closer to the seat of power than others for certain periods of time,” Pinkston said.