Kerry warns that legitimacy of Afghanistan election ‘hangs in balance’
Top US diplomat will urge rival presidential candidates to agree to review of fraud claims
US Secretary of State John Kerry said yesterday Afghanistan's transition to a self-reliant state hung in the balance after a contested presidential election and urged Afghan officials to focus on auditing the vote count to underpin its legitimacy.
Kerry arrived in Kabul in the early hours in a hastily arranged visit for talks with the two presidential contenders, Abdullah Abdullah and Ashraf Ghani, as well as incumbent Hamid Karzai and other senior officials.
Preliminary results from a June 14 run-off round put Ghani, a former World Bank official, in the lead with 56.4 per cent of the vote, almost one million votes ahead of Abdullah.
Abdullah rejected the result, calling it a "coup" against the people and dismissing the vote as invalid because of fraud. His aides have threatened to set up an alternative administration.
Kerry rushed to the Afghan capital from meetings in Beijing to try to mediate between the camps and guard against any attempt at a power grab.
"The election legitimacy hangs in the balance, the future potential of the transition hangs in the balance, so we have a lot to do," Kerry said as he began his first meeting of the day with UN special envoy to Afghanistan Jan Kubis.
"Our hopes are that there is a road that can be found that will provide that capacity for the questions to be answered, for people's doubts to be satisfied, and hopefully for a future to be defined. But I can't tell you that that's going to be an automatic at this point."
US officials said Kerry would urge both contenders to agree on a review "of all reasonable allegations of fraud", which would entail additional audits of the vote count.
Ghani, speaking later, just before the start of his talks with Kerry, said he favoured a comprehensive audit. "Our commitment is to ensure the election process enjoys the integrity and the legitimacy that the people of Afghanistan and the world will believe in," he said.
"Therefore we believe in the most intensive and extensive audit possible to restore faith."
Kerry replied: "No one is declaring victory at this time. The results have yet to be finalised and so those questions have to be resolved and I'm very appreciative that Dr Ghani respects that."
US State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said agreement on a broad review of the votes would be an initial step to enable the candidates to talk through their differences.
"Secretary Kerry's goal is to help the parties find a way forward that ensures that the next president of Afghanistan has a credible mandate to lead a unified Afghanistan," she said.
The United States believes that the results of the final tally in the second round should not be released until the audits have been completed. Washington considers the results thus far to be preliminary.
Abdullah is a former anti- Taliban resistance fighter. His father is a Pashtun, Afghanistan's largest ethnic group, while his mother comes from the Tajik minority. Ghani has strong support from Pashtun tribes in the south and east.
Kerry has warned that any effort to resolve the dispute through violence or any "extra-constitutional means", would cause the United States to withdraw assistance to Afghanistan.