Shinzo Abe is president of the Liberal Democratic Party and was elected prime minister of Japan in December 2012. He also served as prime minister in 2006 after being elected by a special session of Japan’s National Diet, but resigned after less than a year.
Shinzo Abe makes energy deals in Mexico on Latin American tour
Japanese leader starts Latin American tour by inking agreements with President Enrique Pena Nieto involving state-owned oil giant
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe struck a series of energy deals with Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto at the start of a five-country Latin American tour.
Abe, whose visit to the region comes on the heels of Chinese President Xi Jinping's , met Pena Nieto at the presidential palace for talks that ended with the signing of a raft of deals.
The new agreements include one between Mexican state oil firm Pemex and Japan's development bank, and another between Pemex and the Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation.
Energy is high on Abe's agenda for the trip, after the Fukushima disaster forced the shutdown of Japan's nuclear reactors.
Mexico is undergoing sweeping changes in its energy sector, with Congress poised to end struggling Pemex's 75-year monopoly and open up the oil-and-gas sectors to foreign investment.
Watch: Japan's Shinzo Abe makes energy deals in Mexico
The two leaders, both elected in 2012, took turns praising each other for the reforms they have implemented.
Pena Nieto hailed the "bold transformations" of Abe's fiscal stimulus and monetary easing programmes, while Abe drew parallels between their leadership styles, saying both saw reform as a growth strategy.
Travelling with a delegation of Japanese executives and his wife Akie, Abe received a red-carpet greeting at Mexico City airport from Foreign Minister Jose Antonio Meade.
Pena Nieto and first lady Angelica Rivera then threw a welcome ceremony for them at the presidential palace.
Kenko Sone, an official travelling with Abe, mentioned the "special interest" of Japanese companies in Mexico's shale gas, though he said there were no firm investment plans yet.
Japan is Mexico's number four trade partner, with total trade of US$19.3 billion last year, and some 800 Japanese companies with investments in Mexico, especially auto giants like Nissan, Mazda and Honda.
Abe is the first Japanese leader to visit Mexico since prime minister Junichiro Koizumi in 2004.
Abe's nine-day trip - which will also take him to Trinidad and Tobago, Colombia, Chile and Brazil - comes two days after Xi wrapped up his own four-country tour.
The interest of the rival powers underlines Asia's interest in the region's fast-growing economies and vast natural resources.
Announcing Abe's trip earlier this month, government spokesman Yoshihide Suga said Latin American countries "are increasingly important for the Japanese economy because of their growing economies and natural resources".
Japan, long one of the world's top exporting countries, has registered two consecutive years of trade deficits since the 2011 earthquake and tsunami triggered the Fukushima disaster.
With its emerging economies, Latin America holds promise as a relatively untapped market for Japanese exports.
But Japan is not the only one showing growing interest in the region the United States considers its "back yard".
The back-to-back Chinese and Japanese visits come at a moment when territorial disputes between the Asian rivals have pushed their relations to a low point.
China's Xi headed home from his own trip to Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela and Cuba with dozens of deals in areas from oil to mining to agriculture.
Russian President Vladimir Putin also recently wrapped up a tour of the region, visiting Cuba, Nicaragua, Argentina and Brazil.
Xi and Putin, who overlapped in Brazil, played to Latin American resentment towards perceived dominance of the region by Japan's long-time ally the United States.