China and Pakistan watching closely as US gives India green light to buy surveillance drones ahead of Narendra Modi’s visit
US decision to offer the Guardian aircraft to India is significant as the US has a standing policy of declining export of such advanced drones other than to allies involved in combined operations with US forces
The Trump administration has authorised the sale of unarmed surveillance drones to India, the manufacturer said, as the two nations’ leaders prepare for their first face-to-face meeting.
China and Pakistan, India’s regional rivals for influence, will likely be watching closely, although a senior White House official insisted any US military transfer to India would not represent a threat to its neighbours.
India initiated its request to buy 22 Guardian MQ-9B unmanned aircraft for maritime surveillance last year. The deal is estimated to be worth about US$2 billion. The offer is still subject to congressional approval.
“We are pleased that the US government has cleared the way for the sale of the MQ-9B Guardian to the Indian government,” Linden Blue, CEO of the manufacturer, General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, said in a statement.
Blue added that it would “significantly enhance India’s sovereign maritime domain awareness in the Indo-Pacific”.
The green light from the administration marks a further deepening in defence ties as India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi meets with US President Donald Trump at the White House on Monday.
Modi’s two-day visit to Washington, which starts on Sunday, takes place amid uncertainty over the relationship because of differences on trade and other issues.
So far in his presidency, Trump has focused on outreach to China, India’s strategic rival, as he looks to Beijing to rein in North Korea. But Washington and New Delhi share concerns about China’s rise as a military power.
India reportedly wants the drones for surveillance of the Indian Ocean – waters that China’s navy increasingly traverses after establishing its first overseas base in the Horn of Africa nation of Djibouti. India’s arch-rival Pakistan would also likely be opposed to the drone sale.
A senior White House official said any arms transfer would take into account the regional situation.
“We want to avoid a situation that escalates the tension [between India and Pakistan],” the official said, suggesting India and Pakistan should engage in direct talks and seek a normalisation of ties.
“Some of the defence systems we’re talking about we don’t believe impact Pakistan,” the official said.
India does not have a formal alliance with the US, but defence ties have intensified in recent years with joint drills between the two militaries and defence sales. The South Asian nation, which has traditionally bought most of its defence equipment from Russia, is looking to upgrade its capabilities.
Since 2008, India has signed more than US$15 billion in US defence contracts, including for C-130J and C-17 transport aircraft, P-8I maritime patrol aircraft, Harpoon missiles and Apache and Chinook helicopters.
Ashley Tellis, an expert on South Asia at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said the US decision to offer the Guardian aircraft to India is significant as the US has a standing policy of declining export of such advanced drones other than to allies involved in combined operations with US forces.
“Much bureaucratic china within the US government had to be broken to get to this decision,” he said.
There could still be pushback from Congress. While there is bipartisan support for closer US-India security ties, some lawmakers remain wary of the export of US drone technology to non-allies.
Modi, a Hindu nationalist, will be making his fourth visit to the US since he took office in 2014. He forged a strong relationship with Barack Obama, and on his last visit in June 2016, he addressed Congress and described the US as an “indispensable partner”.
The visit is likely to be lower key and aimed at building a personal bond between the two leaders, who have spoken twice by phone since Trump took office. Modi will be the first foreign dignitary to be hosted for dinner at the White House during Trump’s presidency.
They share a populist streak and a knack for using social media, and are likely to find common ground on combating Islamic extremism. Modi will be urging a tougher stance on Pakistan over militants that India blames for attacks on its territory. But there could be increased strains on trade issues.
India is among nations singled out by the Trump administration for their trade surpluses with the US, which in India’s case totalled US$30.8 billion in 2016. New Delhi is also closely watching the administration’s review of the H1B visa programme, under which thousands of skilled Indian workers come to the US
New Delhi was irked by Trump’s decision to pull out of the Paris climate accord. In making the announcement, the US president said New Delhi had made its participation “contingent on receiving billions and billions and billions of dollars in foreign aid.” India denies that and says it will continue to be part of the accord, regardless of US participation.
Additional reporting by Reuters