Pakistani Islamists claim victory and call off protests after law minister resigns
Weeks of protests had culminated in a failed crackdown by authorities that left seven dead and hundreds hurt on the weekend
Pakistan’s law minister resigned Monday as the embattled civilian government bowed to demands from a small Islamist group whose anti-blasphemy protest in the capital has fuelled deadly violence and sparked demonstrations across the nuclear-armed nation.
Protest leader Khadim Hussain Rizvi called off the sit-in after state media reported minister Zahid Hamid’s resignation early Monday. Rizvi said he had military assurances that the demands of his Tehreek-i-Labaik Ya Rasool Allah Pakistan (TLY) group would be met.
“On the assurance of the Chief of Army Staff, we are calling off the sit-in,” he told a crowd of around 2,500 demonstrators, adding that his group was abandoning plans to issue a fatwa against Hamid and was calling for roads and schools to be reopened.
There was no immediate confirmation from the government of the resignation and no comment from the military.
The decision to capitulate to the protesters’ demands is a major embarrassment for the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) as it eyes elections in 2018, analysts said, and underscores the influence of religious groups in the nuclear-armed country of 207 million.
Rizvi’s previously obscure group has been calling for weeks for Hamid’s ousting over a hastily abandoned amendment to the oath which election candidates must swear. It has occupied a main highway into Islamabad since November 6 and virtually paralysed the capital.
The protesters have linked the amended wording to blasphemy – a highly contentious charge in Muslim Pakistan which carries the death penalty. Even unproven allegations have spurred mob lynchings and murders.
Monday’s announcement came after Saturday’s botched operation to disperse the demonstrators sparked violence in Islamabad that left at least seven people dead and hundreds wounded.
It fuelled the spread of the protests and blockades to major cities across the country including Karachi and Lahore.
The government ordered police and paramilitaries to stand down after the clashes and called on the army to intervene to restore order. By Monday morning there still had been no official response from the military.
As he called off the sit-in, Rizvi referred to what he said was the text of an army-brokered agreement between TLY and the government, though the document could not be verified with officials or the military.
“We all now need to heal the fault lines that dharna [sit-in] has invoked on religious & sectarian basis & ensure it doesn’t reoccur. It is a priority,” tweeted Interior Minister Ahsan Iqbal, without further details.
Authorities initially hesitated to act over the sit-in.
Pakistan’s civilian government has long pulled its punches in such situations, fearing that a crackdown on a religious group would incite blowback, as it has in the past. Critics have warned that this attitude allows extremism to flourish.
But as the weeks dragged on the hesitation enraged millions of commuters in Islamabad and neighbouring Rawalpindi. The demonstration caused hours-long traffic snarls and the death of at least one child whose ambulance could not reach hospital in time.
Hamid’s ousting is the latest in a series of heavy blows to the ruling party.
In July, Nawaz Sharif was deposed as prime minister by the courts over graft allegations, while finance minister Ishaq Dar – also accused of corruption – has taken indefinite medical leave.
Observers had previously warned that capitulation would set a dangerous precedent.
“Politically, this is a major embarrassment for the PML-N,” said analyst Hasan Askari, adding that it would undermine their credibility and predicting more defections.
He also warned it had strengthened the position of hardline groups like TLY.
TLY comes from the Barelvi sect of Islam that has strong ties to Sufism, a mystical branch of the religion that is seen as moderate. It emphasises personal devotion by its followers to the Prophet Mohammed.
However the execution in 2016 of Barelvi follower Mumtaz Qadri – who assassinated liberal Punjab governor Salman Taseer over his stance on the blasphemy laws – appears to have galvanised Rizvi and his followers.
Askari warned that the decision by TLY and other Islamist parties to campaign in the upcoming elections could further weaken the PML-N. The party has previously benefited from the right-wing religious vote.