Suu Kyi makes first visit to Rakhine two months after bloody conflict forced Rohingya to flee
Myanmar’s de facto leader has come under intense pressure to do more to end the violence and condemn those responsible
Myanmar’s de facto leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, on Thursday urged people “not to quarrel” as she visited Rakhine state for the first time since a military crackdown that drove more than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims to flee the country.
Suu Kyi, a Nobel Peace Prize winner, has faced heavy international criticism for not taking a higher profile in responding to what some UN officials have called “ethnic cleansing” by the army.
Myanmar has rejected the accusation, saying its security forces launched a counter-insurgency operation after Rohingya militants attacked 30 security posts in northern Rakhine on August 25.
On Thursday, amid heightened security, Suu Kyi boarded a military helicopter at Sittwe, the capital of Rakhine state, to be taken to Maungdaw, one of districts worst hit by the violence.
Suu Kyi met a group of Muslim religious leaders, said Chris Lewa, of the Arakan Project monitoring group, citing Rohingya sources.
“She only said three things to the people – they should live peacefully, the government is there to help them, and they should not quarrel among each other,” Lewa said, quoting information from a religious leader who was present.
Rohingya began fleeing predominantly Buddhist Myanmar for neighbouring Bangladesh in late August to escape violence in the wake of the counter-insurgency operation.
On Wednesday, reporters saw thousands of desperate Rohingya wade through shallows and narrow creeks between islands of the Naf river to reach neighbouring Bangladesh as the exodus begun two months ago was far from over.
Some had small boats or pulled makeshift rafts to get to Bangladesh on the river’s western bank, but most walked, children cradled in their arms and the elderly carried on their backs, with sacks of belongings tied to staves on their shoulders.
Reaching the far side, some women and older people had to be pulled through the mud to reach dry land atop steep banks.
More than 4,000 crossed at different points on the river on Wednesday, said Major Mohammed Iqbal, a Bangladesh security official in the southern district of Cox’s Bazar.
Suu Kyi has not previously visited Rakhine since her party came to power last year. Most residents of the northern part of the state, which includes Maungdaw, were Muslims until the recent crisis.
Watch: what’s driving the Rohingya crisis?
Suu Kyi was accompanied by about 20 people travelling in two military helicopters, including military, police and state officials.
Businessman Zaw Zaw, formerly sanctioned by the US Treasury for his ties to Myanmar’s junta, was also with the Nobel laureate.
Suu Kyi, who does not control the military, appears to be trying to take a stronger lead in the crisis, focusing government efforts on rehabilitation and pledging to repatriate refugees and has urged tycoons to contribute.
She has pledged to allow the return of refugees who can prove they were residents of Myanmar, but thousands of people continued to flee to Bangladesh.
Refugees in the Bangladesh camps say the Myanmar army torched their villages, but Myanmar blames Rohingya militants.
Talks with Bangladesh have yet to deliver a pact on a repatriation process made more complex because Myanmar has long denied citizenship to the Rohingya.
Suu Kyi’s spokesman voiced fears on Tuesday that Bangladesh could be stalling on the accord to first get millions of dollars of international aid money, an accusation a senior Bangladesh home ministry official described as outrageous.