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Hu Jintao

Born in 1942 and Chinese president since 2003, Anhui native Hu Jintao had been posted to Gansu, Guizhou and Tibet during his climb up the party ranks, and first became a member of the Politburo’s standing committee in 1992. He graduated from Tsinghua University in 1964 with a degree in engineering. The Communist Youth League is known to be a staunch supporter of Hu. He retired as General Secretary of the Communist Party Central Committee and Chairman of the Party's Central Military Commission during the 18th Party Congress in November 2012, and expected to handover presidency of the PRC to Xi Jinping in the spring of 2013. 

 

NewsChina Insider
HUMAN RIGHTS

Spanish court indicts China's ex-president Hu Jintao on genocide charges

PUBLISHED : Friday, 11 October, 2013, 12:38pm
UPDATED : Friday, 11 October, 2013, 4:23pm
 

Spain’s National Court has agreed to hear charges of genocide against former Chinese President Hu Jintao.

On Thursday, the court’s criminal division ruled in favour of an appeal by Tibetan exile groups allowing the indictment of Hu, a request which had been dismissed in June by the same court.

The court, which handles crimes against humanity and genocide, argued that the earlier decision had to be overturned because one of the plaintiffs, Thubten Wangchen, is a Spanish citizen and because China had not carried out its own investigation into the allegations.

“There’ll be some sort of diplomatic reaction,” said Nina Jorgensen, an associate professor at the Chinese Univeristy of Hong Kong’s Faculty of Law. “China has been very much against these proceedings.”

“But in all likelihood, not a lot will happen,” she cautioned. “The case brings attention to the issue and gives the victims at least an opportunity to bring attention to their claims.”

Spanish courts can hear cases of crimes against humanity wherever they occur outside its national territory on the legal principle of universal competence. In 2009, the universality was limited to cases in which Spanish citizens are victims of such crimes.

The court’s decision follows lengthy proceedings which started in 2008, when Tibetan activist groups, one of them headed by Wangchen, asked the court to hold seven Chinese state leaders, including former President Jiang Zemin and former Premier Li Peng, responsible for crimes against humanity allegedly committed by the Chinese government in Tibet. China denounced the trial proceedings.

Hu Jintao served as Communist Party Secretary of the Tibet Autonomous Region between 1988 and 1992, overseeing a crackdown on anti-Chinese riots in 1989.

The court “recognises that this genocide is against the country of Tibet and against the Tibetan nation, and the judges recognise that this indictment of Hu Jintao comes at the precise judicial moment ‘when his diplomatic immunity expires’”, the Madrid-based Comité de Apoyo al Tíbet, a plaintiff in the case, said in a statement.

 

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caractacus
Get lost, you shoe shining CCP lackey.
lpc1998
China should view this decision of the Spain’s National Court seriously.
As the National Court is an organ of the Spanish state, its action is, therefore, an act of Spain against China.
The reference in its decision to “the country of Tibet” and “the Tibetan nation” should be totally unacceptable to the Chinese people as Spain is departing from the internationally recognized fact that Tibet is part of China.
The Chinese government is duty-bound to defend China’s territorial integrity and sovereignty. This calls for an immediate break of diplomatic relations between China and Spain. If Spain refuses to correct promptly her unfortunate errors, trade and other relations must be in jeopardy too.
Diplomatic relation between China and Spain can only be restored after Spain, clearly and unconditionally:
1. Correct her errors;
2. Apologize to the Chinese people for the errors;
3. Undertake not to mess around or interfere in the internal affairs of China,
4. Undertake not to support or in any way deal or associate with any person or group belonging to or associated with the Tibetan Chinese secessionists currently having their government-in-exile in Dharamshala, India.
It is quite clear that this attack on former Chinese President Hu Jintao is not only to embarrass him personally, but also to intimidate current and future Chinese leaders from discharging their duties to the Chinese people.
andreaswagner
Tibet has been a sovereign country till the Peking Nazi's invaded and occupied it, murdering 2 millions of its inhabitants. Maybe time to ask your tuition fee back.
lpc1998
You obviously have forgotten your geography lessons from your school days. Just open an atlas and look at a political map of Asia. If you cannot see that Tibet is within the boundaries of China, you need medical help.
****www.google.com.sg/imgres?imgurl=****skiptonstudiesofasia.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/south-asia-political-map-20041.jpg&imgrefurl=****skiptonstudiesofasia.wordpress.com/22-2/&h=1045&w=1261&sz=534&tbnid=eBgZsvJcT8fdMM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=109&zoom=1&usg=__iK25u5HGUPRnbTPTj1JC-4Fkb0c=&docid=rHef0UF5LD9f4M&sa=X&ei=IsVYUvvEPMO4rgfL6YC4Cg&ved=0CDEQ9QEwAg
BobbyWong
The EU recognizes Tibet as an integral part of China. So shouldn't Spain, as part of EU, do the same?
And let's talk about the Basque, what about their independence?
321manu
"As the National Court is an organ of the Spanish state, its action is, therefore, an act of Spain against China."
---dude, have you ever heard of an independent judiciary? Well, maybe that's a foreign concept to you.
And please, this is about a human rights complaint, and not about the status of Tibet within China. You guys need to read a little more closely, think a little bit more (cuz let's face it, any less would be physically impossible), and react in a knee-jerk fashion a little less frequently.
"Internal affairs"? Oh boy, next you'll be whining about "hurt feelings". Oh, and you'll be telling us about "stability" and "harmony". Did I miss any other CCP buzz-words?
321manu
To Ipc1998,
like I said earlier, please read a little more closely. Why is that so hard for you people? This court didn't say "country of Tibet"; " the Madrid-based Comité de Apoyo al Tíbet, a plaintiff in the case, said in a statement" that included that reference. It's in bloody quotation marks. I don't know what the court precisely said, but in this article, the only attribution of "country of Tibet" should be to the plaintiff who made the statement. See, read better, and knee-jerk less. It's not that hard, and it's better for everyone.
Now, in the United Nations Treaty definition of "organs of the state", "Conduct engaged in by organs of the State in excess of their competence may also be attributed to the State under international law, whatever the position may be under internal law". The listed example refers to police; there is no mention of the courts. So by referring to Spanish courts as an "organ", you're doing something the UN does not, and also assuming that this case is beyond that court's competence. I think I'll stick to the UN version, thanks very much. So no, by the UN version, this Spanish court isn't an "organ of the state", unless it goes on to do something beyond its competence. Good luck demonstrating that....I'll wait.
So let's summarize: you've wrongly accused the court of saying something it didn't, and you've failed to establish that the court is an organ of Spain under international law. Not a good day for you so far, it seems.
mcheung
"The court “recognises that this genocide is against the country of Tibet and against the Tibetan nation".......Since when Tibet is a sovereign country?
321manu
To BobbyWong,
You're asking the completely wrong question. THis is a case before a Spanish court. The only relevant question here is whether that Spanish court has the LEGAL authority to make a judgement according to Spanish law. And OMG, I hope your answer to that is yes, cuz if it isn't, then I really can't help you.
And btw, they indicted Hu, not China. So you need to get the players straight.
And finally, your repeated reference to Basques is still a tu quoque fallacious argument. It might be time you googled tu quoque to learn exactly what that is, and why it's a logical fallacy. So too is your reference to Native Americans, btw. At least you're consistent with your logical fallacies.
Maria L. Yau
Thank you, Spain!
Finally one country dare to court indicts Hu in geniocide charges. I am very thankful you did it.

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