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Hu Jintao

Born in 1942 and Chinese president since 2003, Anhui native Hu Jintao had been posted to Gansu, Guizhou and Tibet during his climb up the party ranks, and first became a member of the Politburo’s standing committee in 1992. He graduated from Tsinghua University in 1964 with a degree in engineering. The Communist Youth League is known to be a staunch supporter of Hu. He retired as General Secretary of the Communist Party Central Committee and Chairman of the Party's Central Military Commission during the 18th Party Congress in November 2012, and expected to handover presidency of the PRC to Xi Jinping in the spring of 2013. 

 

NewsChina Insider
HUMAN RIGHTS

Spanish court indicts China's ex-president Hu Jintao on genocide charges

PUBLISHED : Friday, 11 October, 2013, 12:38pm
UPDATED : Friday, 11 October, 2013, 4:23pm
 

Spain’s National Court has agreed to hear charges of genocide against former Chinese President Hu Jintao.

On Thursday, the court’s criminal division ruled in favour of an appeal by Tibetan exile groups allowing the indictment of Hu, a request which had been dismissed in June by the same court.

The court, which handles crimes against humanity and genocide, argued that the earlier decision had to be overturned because one of the plaintiffs, Thubten Wangchen, is a Spanish citizen and because China had not carried out its own investigation into the allegations.

“There’ll be some sort of diplomatic reaction,” said Nina Jorgensen, an associate professor at the Chinese Univeristy of Hong Kong’s Faculty of Law. “China has been very much against these proceedings.”

“But in all likelihood, not a lot will happen,” she cautioned. “The case brings attention to the issue and gives the victims at least an opportunity to bring attention to their claims.”

Spanish courts can hear cases of crimes against humanity wherever they occur outside its national territory on the legal principle of universal competence. In 2009, the universality was limited to cases in which Spanish citizens are victims of such crimes.

The court’s decision follows lengthy proceedings which started in 2008, when Tibetan activist groups, one of them headed by Wangchen, asked the court to hold seven Chinese state leaders, including former President Jiang Zemin and former Premier Li Peng, responsible for crimes against humanity allegedly committed by the Chinese government in Tibet. China denounced the trial proceedings.

Hu Jintao served as Communist Party Secretary of the Tibet Autonomous Region between 1988 and 1992, overseeing a crackdown on anti-Chinese riots in 1989.

The court “recognises that this genocide is against the country of Tibet and against the Tibetan nation, and the judges recognise that this indictment of Hu Jintao comes at the precise judicial moment ‘when his diplomatic immunity expires’”, the Madrid-based Comité de Apoyo al Tíbet, a plaintiff in the case, said in a statement.

 

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BobbyWong
Tell that to the Native Americans subjugated by us (yes I'm American), the First People in Canada, and the Northern Irish.
Oh yeah, don't forget the Basque which Spain is still terrorizing. There're conquered people everywhere. How about Hawaiians? Aboriginals in Australia?
Do what the rest of the indigenous population world over do - join the established sovereignty and current states for self preservation. Keep fighting, you'll end up like the Palestinians - oops, another one.
321manu
This is about a human rights complaint, and not about Tibet's status in China. And let's try to avoid tu quoque and other logical fallacies, shall we?
zane.tackett
"Tibet has been a sovereign country till Peking Nazi's invaded and occupied it"
You can't use has been and then until in the same sentence. It would be they were... until. So, what you're saying is, "it was a sovereign nation until it wasn't"? Because Tibet was part of China around the times of the Kangxi Emperor(died in 1722) and only became sovereign(kind of) again when Yakub Beg had his Muslim rebellion. They then lost that sovereignty when Yakub died. So, it's been part of China longer than America has been free from England. If they didn't want to be part of China, they should have fought harder. Native Americans, and most Natives in the western hemisphere, were conquered and subjugated as the victors saw fit. Very little complaining about that, though. The Chinese did the same thing, except they allowed the tibetans to keep their religion, live in their land, and live. Unlike the europeans, who forced conversion to their religion, forced the natives to live in the undesirable parts of the nations, and killed the vast majority of them.
Maybe it's time for you to pay tuition.
andreaswagner
Any country on this planet has jurisdiction when it comes to crimes against humanity. So also in the case of Hu, aka the 'Butcher of Lhasa'. Get an education.
ennoun
So lpc998 regards Tibet as part of Chinese territory? Wonder why the Tibetans around the world disagree with him entirely. Why do many other ethnic groups, as part of China by force, can hardly wait for the day when the CCP and it's unelected leaders meet their destiny?
sudo rm -f cy
¡Viva España!
lpc1998
Good advice! You better watch out what is coming out of your mouth. It is killing and hurting many Tibetan Chinese. Chinese people of all ethnic groups (apart of the relatively few foreign-back secessionists) are no different from other people when there is a need to defend their country’s territories. Ask the Indians, Japanese, Filipinos, Vietnamese, Malaysians, Thais, Cambodians, Russians, and many others. Many of these countries also have problems with secessionists and “freedom fighters”.
BobbyWong
Okay then, does Spain have the moral authority to judge China, since it oppresses the Basques? I know my country doesn't, since our entire territory is obtained thru genocide of Native Americans.
321manu
Just for a little perspective, George W. Bush was indicted for war crimes in Switzerland, and convicted of war crimes in Kuala Lampur. And before that, Pinochet was charged by Spain with war crimes. So former heads of state are definitely fair game after they leave office, for those who think that the current Spanish court is somehow doing something totally unbelievable in the current instance. And remember they're only agreeing to hear the appeal. I can only imagine the frothing at the mouth that will occur if Hu actually gets convicted. That will be a popcorn-worthy spectacle, I'm sure.
I also didn't see much belly-aching from the US State Department when Bush got roasted in foreign courts. Contrast that with the Chinese Foreign Ministry. Sometimes (ok, almost all of the time), they doth protest too much. And as a study in human nature, I wonder if those who complain the most are the ones with the most to hide...
321manu
Well then, hey, maybe you should file a court case in some court in China against those perpetrators in the Spanish Empire. It's ok that they're long dead; some Chinese court can try them posthumously, based on apparent evidence of what "presumably" occurred. But man, if ever anyone was going to try to argue that a court is the organ of the state, CHina would be a good start. That, and the fact the PRC lacks an independent judiciary, and that trials are conducted for political expediency. Exhibit A could be Xilai/Bo for instance.

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