• Tue
  • Sep 30, 2014
  • Updated: 7:22am

Hu Jintao

Born in 1942 and Chinese president since 2003, Anhui native Hu Jintao had been posted to Gansu, Guizhou and Tibet during his climb up the party ranks, and first became a member of the Politburo’s standing committee in 1992. He graduated from Tsinghua University in 1964 with a degree in engineering. The Communist Youth League is known to be a staunch supporter of Hu. He retired as General Secretary of the Communist Party Central Committee and Chairman of the Party's Central Military Commission during the 18th Party Congress in November 2012, and expected to handover presidency of the PRC to Xi Jinping in the spring of 2013. 

 

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TIBET

Spanish court demands answers from Hu Jintao on Tibetan genocide allegations

Spanish court serves arrest warrant and barrage of questions to former Chinese president

PUBLISHED : Tuesday, 25 February, 2014, 11:40am
UPDATED : Tuesday, 25 February, 2014, 2:28pm

A Spanish judge has submitted 48 questions to former Chinese president Hu Jintao, giving him the chance to respond to charges of genocide brought against him by two Tibetan exile groups and a Tibetan high priest with Spanish citizenship.

The charges relate to Hu’s tumultuous tenure as Communist Party secretary of the Tibetan Autonomous Region between 1988 and 1992, which saw the most violent riots since the Dalai Lama’s departure into exile 30 years earlier.

While observers have deemed an actual arrest and trial of Hu, 71, as highly unlikely, the high-profile case has confronted the former state leader with uncomfortable questions.

“Are you aware that as a consequence of the repression by the military and the police, imposed by law for this campaign, 450 Tibetans have been killed, 7,000 wounded, 350 disappeared and more than 3,000 were detained?” judge Ismael Moreno asked the retired leader in one of the queries, according to Spain’s news agency Agencia EFE.

Spain’s National Court gave Interpol arrest warrants for Hu and four other senior Communist Party figures earlier this month on charges of “genocide, torture and crimes against humanity”.

The warrants were issued against former president Jiang Zemin; former premier Li Peng; former security czar Qiao Shi; Chen Kuiyuan, Hu’s successor as Tibet’s party secretary; and Peng Peiyun, former head of the National Population and Family Planning Commission.

Interpol has yet to include their names in its public list of internationally wanted persons. Hua Chunying, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokeswoman, has condemned the arrest warrants as a form of interference in China’s domestic affairs and called on the Spanish government to “see through the Dalai group’s attempt to split the country”.

Under a law revised in 2009, Spain’s National Court has a mandate to put to trial alleged perpetrators of crimes against humanity if Spanish citizens have been victims of these crimes.

Earlier this month, Spain’s parliament passed a law further limiting the applicability of the law to Spanish citizens or foreign residents in Spain. The law has not yet come into force.

The court also asked Hu whether he allowed security forces to torture to death hundreds of detainees at the Lhasa No. 1 Prison. Other questions include matters not directly related to the crackdown in 1989.

In one question, Hu is asked whether a decision was made at the leadership’s Third Forum on Work in Tibet in 1994 about prosecuting those who met the Dalai Lama as counter-revolutionaries. The forum had set forth government policies in the restive region for the following decade.

The judge also asked whether Hu, as the supreme commander of the People’s Liberation Army for a decade until last year, was aware of the detention and torture of Tibetans caught fleeing to Nepal and India.

The five senior party leaders are unlikely to face a fate similar to Augusto Pinochet, Chile’s military ruler between 1973 and 1990, who spent more than 17 months under house arrest in London after being issued a Spanish arrest warrant for war crimes and genocide. In 2000, Pinochet was allowed to go back to Chile on medical grounds.

Initial charges were brought by two Tibetan support groups in 2006 against president Jiang and premier Li. Tibetan monk Thubten Wangchen, a Spanish citizen, is a co-plaintiff.

A spokesperson for the Spanish embassy in Beijing declined to comment on the case.

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andrea.klein.969
i miss facebook-share !!!
HiggsSinglet
The answer is almost a certain "Yes", he is aware of it. Historically, the confucius based Han do not cares about other minority tribes and their welfare. IMO, I do not see why this time will be any different!!!
peterGoldenTran
Dalai Lama has to answer the similar question about killing his own people during Old Tibet regime.The Dalai Lama's credentials as a 'man of peace' are quite questionable. He often meets with war criminals and didn't mind taking money from the CIA for guns when it suited him.
How about Israel's war crimes and ethnic cleansing, Tony Blair and George Bush, these war criminals, mass murderous need to be dealt with too don't you think?
GinsbergLLC
As a lawyer (American), even though I am concerned about human rights,I have to object to the attempted and aborted exercise of jurisdiction over the leaders and occurrences of sovereign nations. No matter what we think of those leaders or actions, they are not, simply not, subject to prosecution in foreign countries. This is a legal truism, and one which, while from time to time may seem like it lets "bad guys escape justice," is well founded in the best public policy and best interests of the entire world. Note, I am not commenting on International Courts like the Hague, although even though there they also have to act judiciously in exercising jurisdiction.
captam
Well Chinese judges should now, in return, issue arrest warrants and demand questions be answered by the Spanish Royal family's Princess Cristina, whose husband is implicated in a corruption scandal involving his business dealings and including money laundering.
 
 
 
 
 

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