The Diaoyu Islands are a group of uninhabited islands located roughly due east of mainland China, northeast of Taiwan, west of Okinawa Island, and north of the southwestern end of the Ryukyu Islands. They are currently controlled by Japan, which calls them Senkaku Islands. Both China and Taiwan claim sovereignty over the islands.
Chinese ships enter waters around Diaoyu Islands
Three state-owned Chinese ships entered territorial waters around Japanese-administered islands on Tuesday, Japan’s coastguard said, as tensions between the two Asian powers escalated.
A total of 11 Chinese vessels, 10 of them marine surveillance ships, sailed into an area known under international maritime law as the contiguous zone, in a move that came as fresh anti-Japan protests rocked Chinese cities.
Three of the surveillance ships entered territorial waters around one of the islands between 4.20pm and 7.02pm (HK time on Tuesday), the Japan coastguard said in a statement.
The 10 surveillance ships “continued sailing in a fleet along the territorial boundary counter-clockwise” off Uotsurijima, the largest island in the Senkakus, a chain China calls Diaoyu.
A Chinese fisheries patrol boat was also seen sailing near the island.
Earlier in the day, Japan’s top government spokesman said two Japanese people had swum to Uotsurijima.
“Two Japanese landed on Uotsurijima at about 8.30am,” Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura told reporters. “The coastguard said they have already left,” he said.
Jiji Press, citing police in Okinawa, said the two were from Japan’s main southern island of Kyushu.
They arrived in the area in a small boat and swam to the island, a spokesman at the coastguard in Okinawa said, adding they were back in their boat shortly afterwards.
The landing was the fourth by Japanese this year and came weeks after seven pro-Beijing activists made it ashore on the same island, marking a sharp downturn in relations between two of the world’s biggest economies.
The fisheries patrol later moved close to another island, Kubajima, in the chain.
“Our patrol vessels are warning it not to enter our country’s territorial waters by radio and other means,” the coastguard said in a statement.
The ship had told Japanese vessels that it was “carrying out legitimate activity”, arguing the islands are Chinese sovereign territory.
Widespread anti-Japanese protests, some of them violent, have erupted across China in recent days over the East China Sea islands, which lie in rich fishing waters and on important shipping lanes.
Major Japanese firms, including Canon and Honda have suspended operations at several plants in China, according to officials and reports Monday.
After meetings in Tokyo with senior Japanese officials on Monday, US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta – who later travelled on to Beijing – urged “calm and restraint on all sides”.
A fresh wave of anti-Japan rallies was in progress Tuesday, the anniversary of the 1931 “Mukden incident” that led to Japan’s invasion of Manchuria, which is commemorated every year in China.
China and Japan have close economic and business ties, with two-way trade totalling US$350billion last year, according to Chinese figures.
But the two countries’ political relationship is often tense due to the territorial dispute and Chinese resentment over past conflicts and atrocities.
A landing on the island by pro-Beijing nationalists in August marked the start of a sudden worsening of relations between China and Japan.
Tokyo announced last week it had bought three of the islands, which it administers, from their private Japanese landowner.
A Taiwanese politician said on Tuesday a group of Taiwanese fishermen were planning to sail this week to the archipelago.
About 60 fishing boats each carrying five to six people are expected to head for the islands Saturday from a port in northeast Taiwan’s Ilan county, said Lin Chi-shan, a co-organiser of the event and a member of Ilan county council.
Taiwan also claims the islands, which are uninhabited but strategically important.