A plateau region north-east of the Himalayas, Tibet was incorporated by China in 1950 and currently an autonomous region within China. The conflict between many Tibetans and Chinese government has been nonstop as many demand religious freedom and more human rights. In March, 2008, a series of protests turned into riots in different regions across Tibet. Rioters attacked Han ethnic inhabitants and burned their businesses, resulting dozens of death.
US envoy Gary Locke urges China to review Tibet policy
The US ambassador to China urged Beijing to re-examine policies toward Tibetans as he acknowledged that he had quietly visited monasteries during a spate of self-immolation protests.
Ambassador Gary Locke, speaking from Beijing to an online forum in the United States, said he visited monasteries last month in the flashpoint Aba prefecture to “get an appreciation of Tibetan culture and the way of life”.
Aba, an ethnically Tibetan area of Sichuan province, has been a hotbed of protests against Beijing’s rule. Some 60 ethnic Tibetans, many of them monks and nuns, have set themselves alight since February 2009 in Sichuan and Tibet.
“We implore the Chinese to really meet with the representatives of the Tibetan people to address and re-examine some of the policies that have led to some of the restrictions and the violence and the self-immolations,” Locke said.
“We have very serious concerns about the violence, of the self-immolations, that have occurred over the last several years,” he said, calling the incidents “very deplorable”.
“Nobody wants that type of action, or of people having to resort to that type of action. Too many deaths,” he said.
The United States has repeatedly urged China to address Tibetan grievances but it is very rare for foreign officials or media to visit Tibetan areas on unsupervised trips.
In previous statements, Washington has urged China’s leaders to resume dialogue with Tibet’s spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, who fled into exile in 1959 and enjoys strong public support in the United States.
The details of Locke’s visit emerged as President Barack Obama’s administration looks for new ways to promote human rights in China, which regularly lashes out at US condemnation of its record.
Obama has faced election-year criticism on China from Republican rivals, which has urged him to be more outspoken on Beijing’s human rights record and its trade and currency practices.
But US officials cite as a success the quiet diplomacy in May that led China to allow dissident Chen Guangcheng to move to New York.
Locke, who was responding to a question as part of a “China Town Hall” with citizens in 60 cities across the United States, said he visited Aba prefecture after a trip to the major cities in Sichuan, where he promoted US businesses.
State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland earlier acknowledged Locke’s trip after a reporter for The New York Times posted a picture that showed the ambassador, clad in a suit, reaching down to greet an elderly robed monk.
The newspaper said that Locke visited two monasteries in Songpan, not in the town of Aba -- known as Ngaba by Tibetans -- where the self-immolation by a monk in 2009 at Kirti monastery set off the wave of protests.
Seven self-immolation protests were reported last week alone among Tibetans, many of whom accuse China of suppressing their culture. Few of the Tibetans who have set themselves alight are believed to have survived.
The State Department’s annual human rights reports say that China has denied the political and religious rights of Tibetans. China rejects the charges and says it has brought investment and modernization to Tibet.
Locke, the first Chinese American to serve as US ambassador in Beijing, has often fascinated the Chinese public through his humble demeanor. When he headed to Beijing, a picture went viral that showed the former governor at Seattle’s airport paying for his own coffee at Starbucks.
Locke said he found the Chinese to be “so welcoming and engaging” toward him since he took his position.