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18th Party Congress

The Chinese Communist Party's 18th Congress, held in Beijing November 8-14, 2012, marked a key power transition in China. A new generation of leaders, headed by Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang, took over from the previous leadership headed by Hu Jintao. The Communist Party's Politburo Standing Committee was reduced in number from nine to seven. Unlike his predecessor Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao handed over both the Party General Secretary and Chairman of the Central Military Commission positions to Xi.  


Central Committee vote belies much touted intra-party democracy

Number of Central Committee candidates now matches number of seats

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 14 November, 2012, 12:00am
UPDATED : Wednesday, 14 November, 2012, 1:32pm

The level of competition in preliminary voting for the elite Central Committee turned out to be lower than expected, dealing another embarrassing blow to the Communist Party's much touted internal democracy.

The formal vote to be held today at the concluding session of the week-long party congress will not be competitive, analysts said, meaning that the number of candidates will match the number of seats available.

Xinhua said at least 8 per cent of nominees were eliminated in the first-round elections for membership and alternate membership (stand-ins in the event a member has to be replaced) of the Central Committee and membership of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the party's top anti-corruption agency.

Official media have been tight-lipped on the exact size of the new Central Committee, but Gansu party congress delegate Wang Dong revealed late yesterday that 205 of 224 candidates had been shortlisted in the first round, meaning 9.3 per cent were eliminated.

That marks little improvement from the previous party congress five years ago, at which 8.3 per cent were eliminated in early voting.

Several other delegates also said 19 candidates had been eliminated in primary elections held on Sunday and Monday. That compared with 17 in 2007.

The two-stage practice is a compromise designed to give congress delegates some freedom to vote while at the same time making sure the result of the formal vote is predetermined.

Despite widespread speculation that party general secretary Hu Jintao may have wanted to promote his own brand of democracy - so-called "intra-party democracy" - by making the preliminary polls more competitive, analysts said he had once again failed to live up to public expectations.

Hong Kong-based analyst Johnny Lau Yui-siu said the results laid bare the leadership's reluctance to push for meaningful political reform.

It basically disappoints everyone who still had hopes for the top-down approach to intra-party democracy

"It basically disappoints everyone who still had hopes for the top-down approach to intra-party democracy," he said.

He said the fact that Xinhua's report yesterday did not mention the exact percentage of nominees eliminated showed the leadership did not have much to show off about.

"If we look at the 13th party congress 25 years ago, when the idea of electoral competition was first introduced with [5 per cent more candidates than seats on] the Central Committee, we'll see the talk of intra-party democracy is nothing but deception," Lau said.

Professor Zhu Lijia, from the Chinese Academy of Governance in Beijing, warned the party had missed yet another opportunity for bolder reform, which an increasingly impatient public is demanding.

"The marginal progress is far from enough to reinitiate meaningful political reform, which has been stalled for over a decade under Hu's leadership," he said.

Beijing-based analyst Chen Ziming also weighed in. "As long as the so-called elections are not subject to public scrutiny, intra-party democracy remains an empty promise," he said.

Xinhua said the congress' 247-member presidium met for the third and last time yesterday and approved the number and names of candidates for today's final ballot.


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what? history of the human essence, is the history of human nature changing life history, social history, Earth history, the history of the universe, the history of civilization, the natural and social history so that any person, in any society needs to change, regardless of the manner and purpose, to resist the historical and dialectic will toward the opposite side of history. (3) The reporter asked: the world is troubled, economic crisis, nuclear arms control, China and the United States, competition, environment, population, resources, energy issues, the problem of the world's rich and poor, religious clash of civilizations, territorial conflict, do you think the world should be how to solve /? Roberto Wales: the world is so piles of various problems, a multitude of things, no big deal to be the face of a variety of ways means a variety of serious problems such interest groups, community of
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maintenance of the value of democracy and freedom and development. The Chinese model has a certain degree of rationality, however, there are a huge hungry loopholes and drawbacks. Purely into an economic animal, in violation of the basic rule of law and universal values ​​of the human and social development. So, now many experts and scholars have always considered China's "state capitalism" is defeated liberal capitalism? In fact, China's political and economic system is not a "state capitalism ', but with the the autocratic color of feudalism and the political and economic components of the part of the modern state capitalism mixed economy, this is China's political and economic distinctive characteristics and unique. Chinese philosophical values ​​of the Western tradition of political and social thought of Confucius can replace (the modern world, democracy, freedom, equality, fraternity, human rights, and Confucius harmonious the benevolent government have some commonality, but modern democratic politics is the distinctive character of a more general world moral ethical rational value and practicality) Why? very ridiculous it? world exactly what mode?
completion of these processes requires a certain amount of time and process. As for political reform is tough, expect a big breakthrough in the near future, it is fantasy and childish. Place their hopes in the individual Xiancai Leung Chun His Majesty is very short-sighted and dangerous. From a semi-feudal and semi-colonial countries will soon complete a modern democratic society victory over trivial matter. Do you think it possible? China to become the world's first, is still very far away, although the head of the East the mighty has begun active. Need for structural adjustment and reform, however, the values ​​of the free market economy and promote democracy, freedom and human rights is not a decline in the United States, Europe, the main should follow the development of the times, changes in response. U.S. election, Republican Party, Democratic Party, the key is, the economy, international affairs coping
Infrastructure and personnel development, (only human emancipation of freedom, can really play a historical creativity) software infrastructure, democracy and the legal system, human rights, political reform is quite tough, the economy can rely on demographic advantage, large-scale reinforcement construction, such as industrialization , increased urbanization, marketization accelerated However, to rapidly across too costly, not reality. Hundreds of millions of farmers into not just accounts, housing, and there are many deep-seated problems. Without drastic reforms, not reluctantly must sell as social change, economic development of methods to repeat the past, it is difficult to work, it is difficult to reach 15 trillion Development Goals. The huge investment, not trillions of dollars can be effective. The semi-official monopoly of the state-owned enterprise system completely reforms are more difficult to fully market-oriented operation still requires a great deal of courage. The economic transformation particularly difficult. The
Senior expert of world-renowned scientists, economists, philosophers, writers, international issues of international strategic studies expert, who is the nominee, or one of the candidates of the winning of the world, Professor Roberto Wales (side Investor), recently in Geneva, Moscow , New York to accept the media in a telephone interview, now briefly to Lubu some key elements: (1) The reporter asked: now between the two countries has been the outcome of the general election, the situation in the world economy is still sluggish, China and the United States both countries will be how to deal with and the change in the situation? Roberto Wales: the status and development of China, and the United States compete in the 30 - 50 - 100 years, the overall super beautiful also is unlikely, the total economy and the real strength assessment values ​​are not comparable and par concept. Many economists and seers that in 5-10 years over the United States, GDP than is the leader of a group, see the trees but not the forest.
I feel sorry for the citizens of China to be living with such a deceitful and manipulative government. How much longer will good people put up with this nonsense?
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