A plateau region north-east of the Himalayas, Tibet was incorporated by China in 1950 and currently an autonomous region within China. The conflict between many Tibetans and Chinese government has been nonstop as many demand religious freedom and more human rights. In March, 2008, a series of protests turned into riots in different regions across Tibet. Rioters attacked Han ethnic inhabitants and burned their businesses, resulting dozens of death.
China crackdown may be fuelling Tibetan immolations
A security crackdown in Tibetan-inhabited areas of China is fuelling self-immolations in protest at Chinese rule which have claimed dozens of lives, an advocacy group said on Sunday.
Three self-immolations have occurred since Thursday, including two in China’s northwestern Qinghai province and one in neighbouring Gansu, the International Campaign for Tibet said.
“The Tibetans who are self-immolating – now in more rapid succession – have clearly not been dissuaded by the security build-up or other means of official intimidation,” ICT head Mary Beth Markey said in a statement.
“Unless and until there is some initiative that can break through the cycle of repression and protest, I think we all acknowledge that more Tibetans will be prepared to take the agonising action of self-immolation.”
At least 81 Tibetans have set themselves alight in China’s Tibetan-inhabited regions since 2009, with most occurring in the last year and the majority ending in death, according to the group.
Many Tibetans in China accuse the government of religious repression and eroding their culture, as the country’s majority Han ethnic group increasingly moves into historically Tibetan areas.
China rejects this, saying Tibetans enjoy religious freedom. Beijing points to huge ongoing investment it says has brought modernisation and a better standard of living to Tibet.
The Tibetan government-in-exile in the northern Indian hill town of Dharamshala has expressed “deep concern over the alarming escalation in self-immolations by Tibetans inside Tibet”.
Dharamshala has been the headquarters of Tibet’s spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, since he fled from Tibet in 1959 after a failed uprising against Chinese rule.
The exiled government said five self-immolations have occurred in the last week, while 19 Tibetans have set themselves alight in November alone.
China has reacted to the spate of self-immolations by sending in troops, stepping up the policing of monasteries and cutting off communications and internet access in areas where most of the suicide protests occur, the campaign group said.
“Officials in the Rebkong area [in Qinghai] have warned Tibetans not to go to the homes of those who have self-immolated to express condolences,” it said.
“They also said that if monks go to pray for self-immolators, monasteries will be closed down and that the families of self-immolators will be punished.”