Mo Yan, born on February 17, 1955, is a renowned Chinese author. He is the winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2012. Mo is best known in the West for two of his novels which were the basis of the film Red Sorghum. He was appointed a deputy chairman of the quasi-official Chinese Writers' Association in November 2011.
Mo Yan’s Nobel lecture derided by dissidents
Mo Yan was assailed on Saturday in the Chinese dissident community as a “prostitute” after his Nobel lecture, which was acclaimed in the communist state’s media.
In the Nobel lecture in Stockholm on Friday, Mo, the vice-chairman of the government-backed China Writers’ Association, took a swipe at his critics, saying their target “had nothing to do” with him, and urged them to read his books.
Mo has walked a tightrope during his stay in Stockholm, where he will pick up the award on Monday, with some pundits supporting his own claims that he is ”independent”, and others casting him as a Beijing stooge.
In China, his lecture did little to dispel the divide.
“In the last few days, he has defended the system of censorship... then in his lecture he talks about story telling – to use a Chinese expression, he is like a prostitute insisting her services are clean,” dissident poet Ye Du, a member of the non-government Independent Chinese Pen Center, said.
Ye said Chinese intellectuals had hoped Mo would use the lecture to renew his call for the Chinese government to release jailed 2010 Nobel Peace Prize winner Liu Xiaobo, but instead he voiced support for China’s system of state censorship.
State media covered Mo’s lecture widely, focusing on how he grew up in rural China with an illiterate mother and detailing the inspiration he drew in penning such novels as Red Sorghum, Frog, Life and Death are Wearing Me Out, and Big Breasts and Wide Hips.
His victory had brought Chinese literature into the world spotlight and will help bridge the gap between Chinese culture and the rest of the world, Xinhua news agency cited Lan Lijun, Chinese Ambassador to Sweden, as saying.
“This is the first time that a non-dissident Chinese has won a Nobel prize, so it is not Mo Yan’s fault that the state media is praising him,” a Beijing intellectual, who only wanted to be identified by her surname Wang, said. “It is clear he is against censorship, but he lives in China and he has the freedom to choose not to take on the views of a dissident.”
Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei condemned the lecture in a tweet, saying ”Mo Yan’s talk about story telling is about covering things up and hiding, it was powerless, disgraceful, a betrayal and a sellout.”