Born in November 1915, Hu Yaobang joined the Communist Party of China at the age of 18 and became a close ally of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. He became leader of the Communist Youth League in 1952 and Party chairman in 1981. He worked as General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1982 to 1987, when he was forced to resign after clashes with Deng and other party elders over emergent student protests. His death on April 15, 1989, triggered the Tiananmen Square protests.
Statue built to reformer whose death sparked Tiananmen
A statue of former Chinese Communist Party chief Hu Yaobang, a reformer whose death sparked the Tiananmen Square democracy protests, has been set up in a coastal city, state media reported on Monday.
The bronze image, depicting Hu looking into the distance, was unveiled on Sunday on Dachen island at Taizhou in the central province of Zhejiang, according to a brief article in the China Youth Daily newspaper.
Hu in 1956 had issued a call for the agricultural development of the island when he was first secretary of the Communist Youth League, the paper reported.
But Hu remains a sensitive figure in China nearly 24 years after his death in 1989 and is a symbol for those who hope China’s new leaders will pursue more political openness.
He was dismissed as party head in 1987 after he allowed students in Beijing to hold protest marches calling for democratic reforms. Those rallies erupted again after he died, culminating in a massacre on the night of June 3-4.
Joseph Cheng, a political analyst at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, said it was rare for a statue of Hu to be set up and he knew of only one other.
“He is still controversial,” Cheng told reporters. “The reformers would like to appeal to Hu Yaobang as part of their campaign to appeal for reforms.”
Hu is credited with playing a major role in leading the Communist Party out of the chaos of the 1966-76 Cultural Revolution by rehabilitating hundreds of purged officials and initiating a period of relative openness and reform.
Hu Deping, Hu Yaobang’s son, said in November that reining in the ruling party’s unchecked power was the only way to modernise China.
His comments in the respected Economic Observer weekly came on the eve of China’s once-a-decade power transition, which saw Vice President Xi Jinping assume the party reins from President Hu Jintao.
Xi is also set to replace Hu as president during a meeting of the legislature, the National People’s Congress, in March, which will complete the highly choreographed leadership handover.
Hong Kong newspapers reported last year that Hu Deping had discussed political reforms with Xi and that during the talks Xi pledged to advance change.
Cheng cautioned, however, that the appearance of the statue did not indicate a full rehabilitation.
“There is a bit of tolerance from the part of the leadership,” he said. “This doesn’t amount to a change of verdict.”