Wang Qishan was born in Qingdao, Shandong in 1948, and graduated from the History Department of Northwest University in 1976. Wang was a deputy governor of China's central bank between 1993 and 1994, then president of China Construction Bank from 1994 to 1997. He was appointed acting mayor of Beijing when SARS struck the city in spring 2003, and served as mayor until 2007. Known for his straight-talking style and financial management expertise, Wang was promoted to vice premier in 2008. He became a member of the Politburo Standing Committee during the 18th Party Congress in November 2012, as well as secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.
Work-related bribes expected to rise this year, report says
Work-related graft will continue to grow this year after surging last year, the mainland's leading think tank said in an annual report released on Monday, urging the new leadership to immediately launch institutional reforms to root out a culture of corruption.
Xinhua also released a speech on Monday given by Wang Qishan, the head of the Communist Party's anti-corruption watchdog, during a national meeting on Friday. Wang told the mainland's top discipline officials the country was accelerating the drafting of a national anti-corruption law and the supervision of civil servants with relatives living abroad would be strengthened.
In an annual report about China's legal environment, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) said more corruption cases were being exposed because of Beijing's recent crackdown on such crimes. It said many family members of officials were found to be involved in corruption, and that made it difficult for supervisory agencies to investigate corruption cases.
According to a nationwide poll conducted by CASS, only half of high-level officials believed the relatives of cadres should abstain from profit-making activities.
The "Annual Report on the Rule of Law", a collection of articles by scholars and judges discussing the major policy and legislative debates of the past year, identified "the family members of officials" as a major weak point in the mainland's ongoing efforts to combat corruption.
The CASS report also said more than 20 per cent of the officials interviewed believed it was legally acceptable to accept a certain amount of gifts or treats. More than 40 per cent said it was acceptable if the gift-giver is not related to their work.
Li Lin, the director of the CASS Institute of Law and the co-editor of the report, said: "The system needs to … better regulate the officials. The fundamental way of eliminating official corruption is to have a functioning legal system." He said another key issue was weak enforcement.