Chinese Parliamentary Sessions 2013
March 2013 sees the annual meeting of the two legislative and consultative bodies of China, where major policies are decided and key government officials appointed. The National People's Congress (NPC) is held in the Great Hall of the People in China's capital, Beijing, and with 2,987 members, is the largest parliament in the world. It gathers alongside the People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) whose members represent various groups of society.
Former Shandong governor Jiang Daming is head of land and resources
The governor of the coastal province of Shandong, Jiang Daming, has been named head of the Ministry of Land and Resources, which oversees the recently expanded State Oceanic Administration (SOA).
He has been a top leader in Shandong, a big base for agricultural production and marine industry, since 1998, when he was transferred from the central committee of the Communist Youth League to the province's Communist Party committee.
Jiang, 60, has been Shandong's deputy party chief and governor since 2008. The Ministry of Land and Resources was established in 1998 in a consolidation of the geology and mining ministry, the state land administration, SOA and the state bureau of surveying and mapping. It is responsible for the protection and use of natural resources including land, mines and oceans.
The latest State Council restructuring gave the ministry more power, with the SOA taking over ocean-related responsibilities previously held by other agencies, including the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Agriculture and the General Administration of Customs, in order to strengthen protection of marine resources amid intensifying maritime disputes between China and its neighbours.
During Jiang's 15 years in Shandong, which has one sixth of China's coastline, the province started a campaign to develop its ocean industries. Their output was valued at 830 billion yuan (HK$1 trillion) in 2011, accounting for nearly 20 per cent of the province's economic output.
A Shandong native, Jiang started his official career in state-owned farms in Heilongjiang in the 1970s, first as a reporter, then as an office secretary. He left the farms to study for a bachelor's degree in philosophy at Heilongjiang University in 1978 and entered the youth league's central committee in 1982, after graduation. He began to gradually move up the ranks there, finally becoming secretary of the youth league central committee's secretariat in 1993.
When he first became a member of the youth league central committee's standing committee in 1988, others on the committee included new Premier Li Keqiang, new Vice-Premier Liu Yandong, Liu Qibao, now head of the central publicity department, and current Anhui party boss Zhang Baoshun.
Jiang became an alternate member of the party's Central Committee in 2002 and was named a full member in 2007 and again last year.