• Wed
  • Dec 24, 2014
  • Updated: 8:17am
NewsChina
SCIENCE

Revealed: The Chinese super-rat that roamed Earth 160 million years ago

Fossil of ancestor of modern rats discovered in China

PUBLISHED : Friday, 16 August, 2013, 8:44am
UPDATED : Friday, 16 August, 2013, 9:58am
 

A fossil of the oldest known ancestor of modern rats - an agile creature that could climb, burrow and eat just about anything - has been unearthed in China, scientists said on Thursday.

The newly named species Rugosodon eurasiaticus had flexible ankles for tree-climbing and sharp teeth that could gnaw both animals and plants, according to the US journal Science.

Their abilities also led to their evolution and diversification into a range of tree-dwelling and plant-eating mammals that followed

These adaptations helped the ancient rat-like rodents known as multituberculates become among the longest lived mammals in history, said the study led by Chong-Xi Yuan from the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences in Beijing.

Believed to originate 160 million years ago during the Jurassic Period, they lived for some 100 million years in the age of the dinosaurs before modern rodents overcame them.

Their abilities also led to their evolution and diversification into a range of tree-dwelling and plant-eating mammals that followed, said the researchers from China and the United States.

“Some could jump, some could burrow, others could climb trees and many more lived on the ground,” said co-author Zhe-Xi Luo of the University of Chicago.

“The tree-climbing multituberculates and the jumping multituberculates had the most interesting ankle bones, capable of ‘hyper-back-rotation’ of the hind feet.”

The latest fossil was found in the Jurassic Tiaojishan Formation in eastern China.

Its name comes from the Latin “rugosus” for wrinkles and “odon” for tooth, because of its bumpy molar surface and “eurasiaticus” for its widespread territory.

Luo said the fossil is similar to those found in Portugal, suggesting that it and its relatives were widely found across the entire Eurasian continent.

The creature was believed to have a body mass of about 65 to 80 grams.

Researchers said the tooth and ankle adaptations likely evolved very early in the creatures’ existence, helping them to become so long-lived as a group.

 

Share

Related topics

For unlimited access to:

SCMP.com SCMP Tablet Edition SCMP Mobile Edition 10-year news archive
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 

This article is now closed to comments

pseudotriton
What's with the misleading headline? It's just an early mammalian species that was likely ancestral to all modern rodents. What "super-rat" nonsense? Is SCMP going for the sensationalism tactic now?

Login

SCMP.com Account

or