• Fri
  • Aug 22, 2014
  • Updated: 2:17pm

Air Defence Identification Zone

The Air Defense Identification Zone is airspace over land or water in which the ready identification, location, and control of civil aircraft over land or water is required in the interest of national security. China's Defence Ministry announced its ADIZ over a vast area in the East China Sea on November 23, 2013, which covers the area around the Diaoyu islands, controlled by Japan and known as the Senkaku Islands. The establishment of this zone drew strong opposition from Japan, the US and South Korea, becoming a flashpoint in East Asian politics and security. 

NewsChina
SINO-US RELATIONS

US and China silent on air defence zone after Biden tells Xi of 'deep concerns'

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 04 December, 2013, 2:39pm
UPDATED : Friday, 06 December, 2013, 9:22am

US Vice-President Joe Biden expressed his country's misgivings about China's air defence identification zone (ADIZ) in lengthy talks with President Xi Jinping in Beijing yesterday.

A senior US official said: "The vice-president laid out our position in detail. He indicated that we don't recognise the zone, that we have deep concerns."

He added that Biden told Xi that "we are looking to China to take steps to reduce tensions".

"President Xi was equally clear in laying out their view of the zone and of territorial disputes in the region," the official said. "Ultimately, President Xi took on board what the vice-president said. It's up to China, and we'll see how things will unfold in the coming days and weeks."

Xi called for closer co-operation and dialogue with America, while Biden said the bilateral relationship had to be built on trust.

The declaration late last month of the zone over the East China Sea drew criticism from the US and China's Asian neighbours. It includes the airspace above disputed islands known as the Diaoyus in Chinese and the Senkakus in Japanese.

A Xinhua report said Xi reiterated China's view on the zone.

The other major topic of discussion was North Korea.

"They talked at some length about what the Iran example means for North Korea," the US official said, citing the combination of pressure and unity of partners that helped bring about an interim nuclear deal last month limiting Iran's programme.

After the meeting, which was due to last 45 minutes but ran to two hours, Xi reiterated to Biden that China was ready to work with the US to build a new model of major-country relations and respect each other's core interests. Beijing has occasionally included sovereign issues over the South and East China seas as part of those core interests.

Citing climate change and energy security, Xi said "the world as a whole is not tranquil".

"To strengthen co-operation and dialogue is the only right choice facing both our countries," Xi said.

In response, Biden said the new model of major country co-operation had to be built on trust and "a positive notion about the motives of one another".

"As you have pointed out, Mr President, complex relationships require sustained high-level engagement and that's why I am here. This is a hugely consequential bilateral relationship that is going to play a significant part in affecting the course of the 21st century," Biden said.

Washington has criticised Beijing for unilaterally establishing the air defence zone without prior consultation. It also said Chinese rules for the zone do not conform to international norms. Beijing insists it has the right to set up the zone, as a means of self-defence, in the way that neighbours including Japan and South Korea have already established such zones.

In Tokyo on Tuesday, Biden sought to reassure Japan by publicly expressing concerns about the zone and stressing the importance of the US-Japan alliance for stability in the region.

However, despite Japan's hope that the US would join its call for China to rescind the zone, Biden did not make any such demand. He urged both Tokyo and Beijing to have a crisis communication mechanism. Japanese leader Shinzo Abe also avoided making such a call in his joint appearance with Biden in Tokyo.

 

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This article is now closed to comments

peye3515
The chicken game or you can not tell Me what to do.
Hum-Balang
Hear hear! How objective could the NY Times, WP, Reuters, network media etc. be when they were not critical of GWB enough to stop him going into Iraq? Be very weary of what you read in some of the papers.
Lexishk: Japan has no neighbours she can live with - South Korea, Russia and China all loath Japan! The only people who they are still a drooling side-kick to, are the ones who dropped 2 a-bombs on them.
lamlm38
We keep hearing that the Chinese's action of declaring the Air Defense Identification Zone unilaterally changed the status quo. However, if one is a growing power, it is hard to imagine that one would not want to "unilaterally" change the status quo. Not accepting Chinese's desire to unilaterally change the status quo may be a desperate cry of old powers wanting to keep China, and for that matter of fact, any nation which is not dominant power in the world in the past, to its subservient place. It is time that the US and Japan recognize that change of status quo is inevitable. The time when the US and Japan can dictate terms of arrangements in Asian Pacific region may be numbered.
As far as we can tell the dispute between China and Japan for the moment is about whether or not the ownership of these islands are in dispute. The Japanese government's claim that the ownership is not in dispute is totally absurd. It reflects Japan's unwillingness to recognize that a rising China has the right to challenge old arrangement made between the US and Japan at the Chinese expense.
For the reasons of the Cold War following the War World II, the US has ignored the Japanese aggression during the war. The consequence is that while Germany has fully reconciled with its former enemies, Japan is having a hard time to do the same with its neighbors. By siding with Japan, the US is trying to protect the status quo. This, by definition, is on the wrong side of history.
david.yu.7121614
lamim38, you have nailed it. Anybody who has knowledge of Asian history understands what you have say. China has repeadely put aside teritorry issue aside during 50, 60 and 70s with her neighbours due to her weak economy and defence facilities, for instance the Diaoyu island and Sough China seas. China's stretagy to put aside is to solve these issues when China has enough strength but this does not mean that China has given up these territories. Now it is time for China to ask these islands back because China has means to get them back or at least ask for it. Put it in the simple way, China is now asking for what belongs to her, not ask for other country's territory.
lexishk
Who's having more problems with the neighbours, Japan or China?!
aplucky1
when china was poor, weak and impoverished, nobody was threatening their territory

now they have weapons of mass destruction and a formidable army all of a sudden they are under massive threat
when these psychos start running the world EVERYONE will beckon for the days of when america held the helm
jiawang@adb.org
When China was "poor, weak, and impoverished, its leaders were Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai." They were shrewd, confident, tough, and fearless.
They knew how to protect the country from both the US and the Soviet Union.
China is now rich, strong, and developed. China's leaders are . . .
daily
Of course Biden has to keep his mouth shut............his visit is nothing more than "window dressing" an issue that the USA has no say in........he is just trying to score some points in the event that he does want to run for the next Presidential election as he normally does nothing in the background of Obama.............Smart man.
Hum-Balang
Biden better keep his mouth shout and stay out of the "dispute", here was the history in which USA was already the problem 70 years ago:
In 1894, the Governor of Okinawa wrote a proposal to the Japanese Emperor to annex the Diaoyu. The Japanese went ahead and annexed them.
In 1944 Cairo Conference and 1945 Potsdam Conference the Victorious Allies ordered Japan to return all the stolen islands back to China. In 1953, at the Sino-Japan Peace Treaty signed in Taiwan, Japan had agreed to return all the islands stolen from China --- back to China.
In 1972, at the San Francesco Conference, the host US did not invite either the PRC or the ROC (Taiwan) to attend and unilaterally handed the administration of the islands to Japan. The ROC had objected to this move. Chinese university students held protests demonstrations in the US and Taiwan to oppose the US move.
It was obvious that USA, fearful of twice encountering the Chinese and twice not victorious in vanquishing the Chinese, was hell-bent to ring-fence the PRC geographically. Diplomatically Nixon went to PRC to ‘sweeten’ it up + recognize-China.
In the meantime, the Japanese secretly renamed the islands to Senkaku.
When China-Japan established diplomatic relations, the Japanese PM and Deng Xiao Ping agreed jointly to resolve in future when both nations have wiser minds.
In 2012, Japanese broke its word, and its pact with Deng, proceeded to unilaterally nationalize the islets.
dennis.howard@ozeconomics.com
I thought Biden's visit was well advised. He clearly went to Beijing to warn the kleptocrats that any military adventurism would be severely punished. And that, rather than innocent Chinese citizens, it would be the kleptocrats themselves that would pay the price.
And the US clearly has the technological superiority to achieve this end. One admires what Chinese science is trying to achieve by going to the moon, but it is something that the US achieved nearly 50 years ago. And they haven't stood still in the meantime.

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