Aircraft carrier Liaoning
China's first aircraft carrier went into commission on September 26, 2012 and was named "Liaoning" after the northeastern province. The 300-metre ship, refurbished and upgraded from the unfinished Soviet carreir Varyag, which China bought from Ukraine in 1998, is believed to be years away from active service.
China's first aircraft carrier Liaoning successfully completes South China Sea trials
China’s first aircraft carrier has successfully completed sea trials in the South China Sea, state media reported.
The Liaoning returned to port on Wednesday after a 37-day voyage, the official Xinhua News Agency said.
Citing an unnamed naval source, Xinhua said the aircraft carrier tested its combat system and conducted a formation practice and “attained the anticipated objectives.”
“All tests and training programmes went well as scheduled,” it said.
Aircraft, naval vessels and submarines also participated in the Liaoning’s tests.
Early in the Liaoning’s trial run one of the Chinese ships accompanying it was involved in a near collision with a US Navy ship, which a Chinese media report said was down to the US ship getting too close to the Liaoning. It marked the two countries’ most serious sea confrontation in years.
The US Pacific Fleet said the USS Cowpens had to manoeuvre to avoid a collision on December 5.
The Chinese defence ministry later confirmed the incident but gave few details. It said a Chinese naval ship conducting normal patrols had encountered a US military vessel and handled the situation according to operating procedures.
The Liaoning was bought from Ukraine more than a decade ago and extensively refurbished before entering service last year.