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  • Dec 23, 2014
  • Updated: 6:13am

Air Defence Identification Zone

The Air Defense Identification Zone is airspace over land or water in which the ready identification, location, and control of civil aircraft over land or water is required in the interest of national security. China's Defence Ministry announced its ADIZ over a vast area in the East China Sea on November 23, 2013, which covers the area around the Diaoyu islands, controlled by Japan and known as the Senkaku Islands. The establishment of this zone drew strong opposition from Japan, the US and South Korea, becoming a flashpoint in East Asian politics and security. 

NewsChina

Beijing considering new South China Sea air defence zone, says Japanese report

PUBLISHED : Friday, 31 January, 2014, 10:30pm
UPDATED : Friday, 31 January, 2014, 10:38pm

China is considering declaring a new Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ) over the South China Sea, according to a Japanese report on Friday, a move likely to fan tensions in an area riven by territorial disputes.

The report comes months after Beijing caused consternation with the sudden declaration of an ADIZ above the East China Sea, covering islands at the centre of a sovereignty row with Tokyo.

It also comes as countries in the region grow increasingly concerned about what they see as China’s aggressive territorial claims.

Working level officials in the Chinese airforce have drafted proposals for the new zone, which could set the Paracel islands at its core and spread over much of the sea, the Asahi Shimbun said, citing unnamed sources, including from the Chinese government.

The draft was submitted to senior Chinese military officials by May last year, the respected daily said.

Beijing claims the South China Sea almost in its entirety, even areas a long way from its shoreline.

The countries surrounding the sea have competing and overlapping claims to the area and are in dispute with Beijing, including over the ownership of islands.

Many countries, including the US and Japan, use ADIZs as a form of early warning, allowing them to track aircraft approaching their airspace.

Planes entering the area are frequently asked to identify themselves and to maintain radio contact with local authorities. Any aircraft causing concern can trigger the launch of fighter jets, which are scrambled to intercept it.

The draft says the zone would at a minimum cover the Paracels, and could go as wide as the majority of South China Sea, the Asahi said.

Beijing is still deliberating the extent of the zone and considering the timing of an announcement, the paper said.

Japan, South Korea and others reacted with anger in November when Beijing unilaterally declared an ADIZ in the East China Sea.

China demanded all aircraft provide flight plans when traversing the area, give their nationality and maintain two-way radio communication, or face “emergency defensive measures”.

The US said it would not comply, and, in what was seen as a challenge to Beijing, promptly flew military planes through it.

The zone covers disputed Tokyo-controlled islands – known as the Senkakus in Japan and the Diaoyus in China – where ships and aircraft from the two countries already shadow each other.

Its sudden declaration bolstered claims that China is throwing its growing military weight around.

Observers say the establishment of a similar zone in the South China Sea is a likely move for Beijing.

In November the southern Chinese island province of Hainan passed a rule requiring foreign fishing vessels to obtain permission to enter its waters, which it defined as the bulk of the sea.

In December, US Secretary of State John Kerry warned China against any move to declare an air defence zone over the sea, which is a vital transport route through which much regional and global trade passes.

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lucifer
Oh Beijing...please do this......and please try to enforce it. We have not seen a good live war since Gulf War 1.
justice_first
lucifer, don't be naive. A ADIZ does not mean war.
However it does mean China has the same right as the US, or Japan, to set up such a zone anywhere for its defense. This is all a matter of need for security even in waters that are in dispute. If your counterpart is patrolling the same sea areas, China has the same right of patrolling the same area if there is a dispute, or else it will be seen as China giving up its claim to those sea assets, such as islands and features. We must always remember one principle. It is lands will determine territorial sea or EEZ, never in reverse.
China should therefore be absolutely clear why they are treating a certain area of the sea as a defense identification zone, for security purposes.
sinohog
There have been a lot of Comments on American ADIZs as justification for these zones. Yes, the U.S. does have them on both coasts and shore areas of the Gulf of Mexico. Currently, they only apply to commercial aircraft that intend to enter U.S. airspace. I suspect that 9-11 has a lot to do with those procedures. It does not apply to military aircraft. NORAD normally tracks military aircraft and makes the decision whether or not to scramble military aircraft to meet them if and when they enter U.S. airspace. Take particular notice that the U.S. does NOT extend the ADIZ to cover the entire Gulf of Mexico which is also shared by Mexico the coastal areas of other latin American countries.
justice_first
one thing is clear, there is no existing rule that governs ADIZs, and in fact, on how such zones are operated. It is all a matter of need (for security). However China should be very careful not to exceed what is needed for its security.

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