The relationship between the two largest economies in Asia has been marred throughout the 20th century due to territorial and political disputes including Taiwanese sovereignty; the invasion of China by Japan in the second world war and Japan’s subsequent refusal to acknowledge the extent of its war crimes; territorial disputes surrounding the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands and associated fishing rights and energy resources; and Japanese-American security co-operation.
China, Japan hold first high-level meet since December
Ministers hold two nations' first high-level meeting since Abe's Yasukuni Shrine visit
The Japanese and Chinese trade ministers held talks yesterday in the first high-level meeting between the two countries since a visit by Japan's prime minister to a controversial war shrine sparked a furious diplomatic row in December.
Toshimitsu Motegi and his Chinese counterpart Gao Hucheng agreed to put political tensions to one side to improve bilateral economic ties, when they met on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) forum in Qingdao , Shandong province, Kyodo news agency reported.
It was the first cabinet-level meeting since Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's visit to Yasukuni Shrine on December 26 provoked outrage in Beijing, worsening diplomatic tensions already running high over a bitter territorial dispute.
China, along with other Asian nations, regards the shrine as a symbol of what it says is Japan's unwillingness to repent for its aggressive warring last century.
"Although Japan and China have difficult issues, we agreed that we should proceed with cooperation between the two countries based on our mutually beneficial and strategic relationship," Motegi was quoted by Japanese state broadcaster NHK as saying after the meeting.
The talks, which lasted about 20 minutes, were held in a "very good atmosphere", Motegi said.
Relations between the Asian giants plunged to their lowest in years in September 2012 after Japan nationalised part of a South China Sea island chain known as the Senkakus in Japan and the Diaoyus in China.
Tokyo controls the islands, which are strategically sited and may harbour mineral resources, but Beijing claims sovereignty.
Paramilitary vessels from both sides have shadow-boxed in waters around the islands since then, with some observers warning of the risk of a limited military confrontation that could have disastrous regional implications.
However, in recent months the temperature has cooled and there have been signs that the two sides, which are economically interdependent, are moving towards a diplomatic detente.