Smog returns to Beijing as China’s big political gala ends
Air quality expected to worsen further as factories restart production
The air quality worsened visibly in Beijing as the annual plenary meeting of China’s parliament drew to an end on Wednesday, with Premier Li Keqiang vowing to earmark special funds to research any currently unknown causes of smog.
The Air Quality Index in the capital as measured by the US Embassy climbed above 150 on Wednesday morning from a reading of around 50 a day earlier, an unhealthy level at which people begin to experience health effects.
The pollution is expected to worsen further in the next two days partly because some polluting factories surrounding Beijing are expected to resume production, after being closed during annual meetings of the China People’s Political Consultative Conference and the National People’s Congress – together known as the “two sessions”.
The Chinese capital city saw a number of clear days and blue skies during the meetings over the last two weeks, with the AQI largely remaining below 100, classified as good to moderately air quality, except for a brief spike on Friday and Saturday.
The Chinese authorities have often adopted interim measures, such as closing factories and construction sites temporarily, to create “blue skies” for key political events, such as the annual gathering of the legislature delegates in March, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Beijing in 2014 and the G20 summit in Hangzhou last year.
Such administrative controls often backfire and cause worse-than-usual pollution as factories expand their production levels on reopening.
At his press conference after the closing of the National People’s Congress, Li vowed to “fight a real war to protect blue skies”, saying a blue sky should not be a luxury for Chinese residents. He also said the war on smog requires a process, suggesting the problem is unlikely to be solved quickly.
Li vowed to declare “war on pollution” in his government work report to the NPC in 2014. Three years on, despite official data showing an overall improvement in air quality, spells of toxic smog still frequently affect northern China, especially during winter months.
Public discontent has intensified, with many accusing the government of making empty promises and criticising it for a lack of action.
At his press conference, Li did not mention the harmful effects of air pollution on health, which have become of growing concern to the Chinese public.
China could prevent 3 million premature deaths a year if stricter air quality standards were adopted and enforced, according to the latest scientific study by the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention.