The Basic Law was drafted as part of the Sino-British Joint Declaration covering Hong Kong after its handover to China on July 1, 1997. The joint declaration stated that Hong Kong would be governed under the principle of ‘one country-two systems’ and would continue to enjoy its capitalist system and individual freedoms for 50 years after the handover.
Beijing agencies in Hong Kong bound by local laws, Justice Department says
Question of consular immunity raised after liaison office named in hospitality scandal
All employees of offices set up in Hong Kong by the central government are to obey the city's laws, as laid out in the Basic Law, the Department of Justice says.
The department was responding to a question on whether the liaison office, Beijing's de facto representation in the city, had "consular immunity" from criminal investigations.
Earlier, it announced the launch of an investigation into former graft-buster chief Timothy Tong Hin-ming's alleged overspending from the public purse on receptions, gifts and official visits. Some of those receptions and gifts benefited officials from the mainland and the central government's liaison office.
A department spokeswoman cited article 22 of the Basic Law as saying all offices set up in Hong Kong by departments of the central government, or by other provinces and bodies directly under the central government, and their personnel shall abide by the city's laws.
Democratic Party chief executive Lam Cheuk-ting, a former ICAC investigator, said: "The liaison office has no privilege. The ICAC's investigative powers still apply to it."
Lam said the Independent Commission Against Corruption could rely on an established mechanism, in the case of officials who had been transferred to the mainland or Macau, to send investigators to take witness statements or request prosecution bodies for help.
"If the central government supports the Tong investigation, it should ask the officials to co-operate," he said.
Two other bodies set up by Beijing are the Hong Kong garrison of the People's Liberation Army and the Office of the Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Hong Kong.
In 1998, Xinhua News Agency, the de facto liaison office at the time, asked if it could claim exemption from the city's laws. It was under investigation by the privacy commissioner for failing to respond in time to legislator Emily Lau Wai-hing's demand to see any files it had on her. The government said Xinhua was not a consular mission and consular immunity did not apply.