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  • Dec 23, 2014
  • Updated: 8:27am
NewsHong Kong

Hong Kong schools woo cross-border pupils in battle to survive

Falling birth rates putting heads under pressure, but distance proving a deterrent for parents

PUBLISHED : Sunday, 15 September, 2013, 12:00am
UPDATED : Sunday, 15 September, 2013, 8:24am


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15 Sep 2013
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Hong Kong schools worried that falling pupil numbers will force them to close are courting children across the border in a bid to avoid the axe.

The move comes despite the children facing an hours-long commute to and from school each day - something that puts off many parents.

Schools in North district, where commuting is easier, have little trouble filling their classrooms and even struggle to accommodate pupils from nearby Shenzhen.

But with Hong Kong's low birth rate leading to falling enrolments, those elsewhere without enough pupils face closure.

Yesterday schools in old urban areas further south such as Pokfulam and Chai Wan - at the far western and eastern ends of Hong Kong Island - were chasing potential entrants in Shenzhen. The schools are among more than 20 Hong Kong kindergartens, primary and secondary schools attending a three-day exhibition in the border city this weekend to promote themselves to parents with Hong Kong-born children living on the mainland.

The fall in pupil numbers will affect secondary schools the most in the next few years.

"We are here mainly to do publicity and promotion work," said Anna Hung Wing-chee, headmistress of Caritas Chai Wan Marden Foundation Secondary School.

Schools in Pokfulam, Chai Wan, Tseung Kwan O and Sham Shui Po are taking part in the event, at Shenzhen's Luohu railway station, for the first time this year.

"Of course we'd welcome [cross-border pupils]. It would help our enrolment numbers," Hung said.

The school, in Eastern district, has no cross-border pupils at present, but half of its pupils are recent mainland migrants.

Hung said the school would be willing to provide school bus services and even weekend classes in Shenzhen.

Tsang Kwok-yung, headmaster of the Yan Chai Hospital Lan Chi Pat Memorial Secondary School in Tseung Kwan O, said: "We are willing to provide more support for cross-border pupils."

His school - around 90 minutes from the border - currently has no cross-border students. Kwok said that, as distance was a problem, he was attending the exhibition in an attempt to connect with potential immigrants who may move to Hong Kong in the coming years.

"Schools across Hong Kong are having problems getting enough student enrolment," said Tsang. "This is something we will continually need to deal with."

However, parents seemed reluctant to enrol their children in schools far from the border.

One mother said Mong Kok was the farthest she was prepared to go. Another, who wants her 12-year-old son to attend a secondary school in Hong Kong teaching in English next year, said she preferred schools within five MTR stops of the border.

"If the school was quite far away, I'd consider renting an apartment nearby," she said.

About 20,000 cross-border pupils - children born in Hong Kong to mainland parents or from local families currently living on the mainland - currently cross the border every day to attend the city's public schools.


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Here's a plan: give priority to pregnant women and their spouses (if at least one has a skill HK needs) to come here as part of the daily 150 one way permits govt issues. We get 1 or 2 skilled workers, a new child to offset our declining birthrates and the new HKID holder does not need to commute 5 hours each day across the border to go to school. We need these children for our future so why not bring in the whole family?
These children were born here but their 'domicile' is in Shenzhen so could someone with a legal background point out if this makes any difference to their rights? Starting with the Immigration Ordinance and working outwards from there ?
Next we need to try to grasp exactly what the motivation is for mainland mothers to take this route. It may not simply be a question of getting 'free' education but a much longer term aim. For example, after gaining an HKSAR passport, emigration to the US, UK, NZ etc. may be easier and then the child (no longer) can simply apply for his/her (now retired) parents to join him/her. This has implications for government services here.
HONG KONG people, government etc....need firstly to decide what the want!!
Just make up your mind!
Do you want the chinese to come into HK or not? Don't be so finicky!
When you are in need, you look up north, when u are doing well....
WELL!!!, all sorts of reasons ....
Don't talk about that for most of you hardly pay enough tax anyways!!
Tax dollars of the few from HK are hardly enough to operate HK....
Therefore, all these kids do have rights to go to school in HK, if they want...
HK is and was always China; Chinese HK you should know better....was being ruled by imperialists been good ?
By the way, Cantonese is not the Chinese language, it is only a dialect!
Mandarin=Putonghua= THE CHINESE language.....
Sorry I'm Chinese I'm a bit confused. I thought HK people don't need to pay tuitions fees if they attend public schools, then why do those schools still need the cross-border pupils if they are not paying them? Does the school get subsidies from the government based on the number of students enrolled?
Anyhow I think those SZ parents are kind of obsessed about the necessity of sending their children to HK schools. It would be a huge waste of their childhood if those pupils are spending hundreds of minutes on buses everyday just to get to school.
Life is too short for traveling. For these youngsters, I would feel really sad for them if they have to spend more than 2 or even 1.5hrs traveling 5 days a week during their early years in life. They deserve more time playing, learning and not the least sleeping (since they are in their years of rapid growing of their bodies and brains). Those who worry about losing jobs due to school surplus in island south, east or west, you should not miss the chance to consider setting schools in Shenzhen, of course this is an equally complex issue but let's put the hard job to adults rather than on to the youths.
With no migrant mainlanders, HK is / was dead.
@SpeakFreely sounds like it's a chicken-n-eggs kind of question.. if they none of the parents are allowed to live in HK and pay their dues then how do you expect the kids to live here normally in the first plc? yes, it's a political issue now because some segment of the HK society just want to rid of the mainlanders at all cost.. the CE is just a caretaker, not a decision maker.. CY needs to unclench his **** cheeks for this one!!!
It is irresposible for those parents in SZ to send their children to HK for attending school.
Besides of the daily long and exhausting travel to school for them, there is no proof that the children get a better education in HK than in SZ and with the efforts and costs involve for them the really don't have any advantage over a "good" school in SZ with the same costs. This was the case maybe 10 years ago, but SZ schools have already caught up with schools in HK. Many of them are even better equipped.
I do have friends from the Mainland who are claiming that HK students are not well trained in proper Chinese, particulary in writing essays in Chinese language. I agree.
In my opinion those parents will regret it.
And why should HK tax payers money be used to build schools for them near the border? Are their parents paying any tax in HK?
dont forget most of our parents came from the mainland!!! they ended up as hard working individuals who sent their kids to college and paying taxes along the way.. you like some of aholes here just simply assume that these kids parents cant contribute to the society.. most civilized societies and countries would allow such reunions..
To achieve the China Dream, you should tell your comrades to stay in China.
There are some cross-border students in my secondary school ! I believe we should give a helping hand to them but i advise that the amount should not be excessive ! Those students are also harsh so the most effective solution should build up more schools or provide more degrees to them !
Education in Hong Kong has been and still is a "Business", an "Industry".
When politicians fail, the next generation pays for it.
1. Always, there won't be "enough" tax money supply to operate HK. If you talk about the minimum needs of HK, the tax money is maybe enough. If you talk about improving the quality of living in HK, the money never would be enough. HK is in a continous grow and developement. Particulary concerning the quality of life and there much more needs to be done.
2. Those kids in general "do have the right" because of an old regulation from the, how you put it? "imperialists time". In general, those kids shouldn't have the right to attend those school, as the schools are paid by tax money of HK residents. Shenzhen residents do not contribute to the operation costs of those public funded schools, so why should they have a right to use them?
If you attend a public school it is free as those public facilities are paid and operated with tax money.
[ Does the school get subsidies from the government based on the number of students enrolled?]

Yes. That is the single most important variable for public school funding.
This issue needs to be on the agenda in the Legco.
Is this another hk taboo that government and political parties are not interested to even talk about? If we have an immigration need to bring in those kids lets do it. If not, then shut the door as even in anywhere in the world, citizen by birth does not guarantee education as this should be supported by parents working here paying tax. This is typical hk non decision making consequence.
Closing the school is another issue, if it has to be closed, lets close it as we are subsidizing. Again The key is the above 2 points not because of we need to save the schools, doesn't make sense.


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