• Thu
  • Sep 18, 2014
  • Updated: 2:54pm
NewsHong Kong

Cash reserves to dry up in 20 years, finance secretary to warn in budget

Budget speech to contain dire warning of fiscal meltdown due to ageing population, but critics say it's a 'doomsday scenario' and a scare tactic

PUBLISHED : Friday, 10 January, 2014, 12:06am
UPDATED : Friday, 10 January, 2014, 10:55am


  • Yes: 68%
  • No: 32%
10 Jan 2014
  • Yes
  • No
Total number of votes recorded: 416

The city's fiscal reserves of HK$734 billion will run dry in about 20 years if nothing is done to ease the financial problems caused by its ageing population.

That dire warning is expected to feature in Financial Secretary John Tsang Chun-wah's budget speech next month.

A government source said that unlike in the past, fiscal deficits were likely to persist and would worsen in the long term.

"The future structural deficit can only be postponed, but can hardly be reversed," the source said. "It's time to get ready for the discussion."

But critics called it a "doomsday scenario" and accused the government of scare tactics.

In the past few years, the government has balanced its books and generated surpluses of billions of dollars through land revenues and stamp duty from stock transactions. But Tsang's fiscal advisers have found the revenue might not be able to cover government expenditure in 10 years, it is claimed.

Without drastic measures, the deficit would persist and reserves would drop to zero around 2034, a second source said.

The source also said the advisers had projected other scenarios with even more extreme assumptions.

In his budget on February 26, Tsang will present the findings of a nine-member team of economists and other finance professionals, who were appointed by the government to identify financial challenges posed by the ageing population.

But Dr Brian Fong Chi-hang, vice-chairman of the SynergyNet think tank, accused the government of scare tactics. He said the reliability of the forecast would depend on fluctuations in factors including economic growth and the pace of ageing.

Apart from the fiscal reserves, the government could dip into an accumulated surplus of HK$642 billion if necessary, Fong said.

And he criticised the government for being dishonest by failing to be upfront with the public about the existence of the surplus.

"It is misleading for the working group's report to draw up such a doomsday scenario," he said. "The situation would be very different if the government implements effective measures to boost the birth rate."

The impending effects of the ageing population have called into question the government's long-term financial planning.

With the first "baby boomers", born in 1952, having retired in 2012, the workforce will start shrinking by 2018.

By 2041, only 1.8 people of working age - defined as between 15 and 64 - will support one dependent elderly person financially, down from a current ratio of 5.1.

This will put financial pressure on spending on health care and welfare, with tax revenues falling and economic growth slowing.

Government expenditure has risen 5.2 per cent per year since 1997, almost double the 2.8 per cent of annual growth in revenue and the city's gross domestic product, official statistics show.

With elderly numbers on the rise, the government has been injecting more funds into the Hospital Authority. The Old Age Living Allowance has also brought additional annual expenditure of HK$15.1 billion.

The Monetary Authority said the financial secretary could use part of the accumulated surplus with the approval of the chief executive, provided this did not undermine the ability of the Exchange Fund to preserve the city's monetary and financial stability.

The fiscal reserves and the accumulated surplus both belong to the Exchange Fund, which is managed by the authority and stood at HK$2.9 trillion as of November. The accumulated surplus is the total profit earned by the fund since 1935.

Former finance chief Antony Leung Kam-chung is understood to have drawn from the surplus after the 2003 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome to make up for a huge deficit.

Another major component of the fund, a monetary base of HK$1.2 trillion that comprises currency in circulation and the balance of the banking system, is reserved exclusively for stabilising the Hong Kong dollar.

The HK$734 billion fiscal reserves account for 24 per cent of the Exchange Fund and yield investment returns of about HK$30 billion per year.

The Working Group on Long-Term Fiscal Planning submitted its report to Tsang on December 30. The group's full report is expected to be released after the February 26 budget speech.

It is understood the advisers have recommended measures that have been adopted overseas, including increasing revenue by reviewing the tax system, tightening expenses and mobilising the accumulated surplus.

A member of the group, Francis Lui Ting-ming, economics professor at the University of Science and Technology, warned of a problem 10 years from now. "From then on, the structural fiscal deficit could increase at a stunning pace," he said.

Last month, Tsang warned on his official blog that the government needed to raise revenues by raising taxes and issuing bonds.

He wrote: "These are recurrent expenditures, most of them being basic welfare, which can hardly be contained … One day we will have to deploy our reserves to maintain our public expenditure. And eventually, reserves will be used up."

The government consulted the public on introducing a goods and services tax in 2006, but the move was shelved in the face of strong opposition.


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This article is now closed to comments

How can Mr middle class Tsang have the slightest credibility left after his basic math was sooooo off on the budgets of years past. This is just more of the same BS to scare HK people. And...it's preparation to introduce a sales tax, and cut the tax of high income earners like civil servants and property barons (I mean crooks)...
This continuation of the colonial days in giving such importance to Financial Secretary, I want to know does it mean that our present Chief Executive which is equivalent to the Governor, no policy could be had without the endorsement by the Financial Secretary? If so, when we batting on CY Leung, are we missing the right target?
What exactly the Financial Secretary role really is after the handover? Would it be too much to ask that the role be replaced by an accountant and let any financial planning put in the hands of the Chief Executive? This is not really so different from what Xi Jinping has done most recently taking over the economic role in order to make any reform possible.
John Adams
Let's face it - John 'whiskers' Tsang is as big a joke as is his face, which appeared on the faked $6,000 'notes' that were bandied around at a 1 July march a couple of years ago after the first of his free give-it-all-away budgets.
First he gives it all away to anyone and everyone who don't really need it.
Then he warns us we cannot afford to give some of it away to those who really need it.
I think the Harry cartoon today says it all..
" John Tsang : the most incompetent FS in HK's history. R I (ill-deserved) P "
Vote me: The first change I will put through is that any Government Official servant that is paid more than 150k a month will have their pay capped at that amount, in no other developed world is the salary for government official more than most Executive Director levels in Finance or other industries.
Second Change: Any official that cries poor because of the above change will not either be offered the 150k salary or be made redundant - they can try and see whether they can get the same pay at private companies after working in public services for so many years.
Third: Housing benefits and retirement pensions will be cut down and capped for higher levels of public servants, once again, don't like it? Try to find somewhere else that will offer you the same deal, there are many capable people waiting in line to replace you.
Lastly: As leader, my total compensation will be capped at 100k, I'm here to serve and make society better, not there to have a luxurious life because I can't find a private sector job.
The " Trillion" of liabilities - the infrastructure spend is 5 years income to the capital works reserve fund from land revenue ..and the pension fund liability is using a 3.5 per cent perpetual discount rate. Revised down every year to increase liability just as they warn us of rising interest rates - a discredited joke. The liability disappears in 20 to 30 years as the defined benefit scheme closed to new entrants in 2000.
This latest b.....t is a precursor to the import of unqualified, unskilled immigrants to give the business lobby access to a huge source of cheap labour. As usual, the ordinary people will get the shaft.
Are the fat cats of the Government being looked into? Many private sectors can give you (government) advice or recommendations especially from those who have the dramatic or real experience of bringing the dead loss of their business back to life.
John have been speaking of the same story for the past years he has been on board. What has he done to improve the situation?
What is the use of complaining about things that he could have changed. He is so useless that I was glad that the HKD is still pegged to USD. Can you imagine letting someone this useless controlling our monetary interest policies?
What a joke...........this guy can't even forecast a budget for the coming year and he's trying to scare the HK public by forecasting 20 years ahead...........I really wish someone who is more qualified or capable would fill his job cause this idiot sure is not competent enough to handle the FS job.
I don't mean any disrespect but Budget - Actual = Variance. Like forecasting the weather, financial forecasting is not a 100% science. In my humble opinion, I rather that he is a prudent money man. I really do not want to face the prospect of paying higher taxes should there be a shortfall in the future.




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