• Tue
  • Dec 23, 2014
  • Updated: 12:30pm
NewsHong Kong

It’s time to swallow some bitter pills, John Tsang warns in budget speech

One-off sweeteners cut 40pc as finance chief prepares for greying society and HK$12b surplus

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 26 February, 2014, 10:52am
UPDATED : Thursday, 27 February, 2014, 4:21am

Financial chief John Tsang Chun-wah tightened the purse strings yesterday and pledged to consider higher water tariffs and a "future fund" as he set out a worst-case scenario for public finances: a structural deficit in seven years.

Tsang estimated a budget surplus of just HK$12 billion to justify trimming one-off relief measures 40 per cent, from HK$33 billion to HK$20 billion, saying he was preparing for an ageing population.

I believe the present generation recognises the importance of fiscal prudence: that is, to avoid making today's spending a burden for the next generation
Financial Secretary John Tsang Chun-wah

Independent analysts have estimated a surplus of up to HK$40 billion for 2013-2014.

"I believe the present generation recognises the importance of fiscal prudence: that is, to avoid making today's spending a burden for the next generation," he said. But, he added: "We should neither take the problem lightly nor over-worry. Our public finances are still in good shape."

Citing dire warnings from economists advising him on long-term policy, Tsang said: "[If] we take effective actions, we can prevent the projected results from surfacing and avoid subjecting future generations to irreversible fiscal plight."

Tsang scrapped a HK$1,800 electricity subsidy in place since 2008, cut the rent-free period for public-housing tenants from two months to one and offered a property rate waiver for two quarters, rather than the full year.

He said the abolition of the sweeteners would contribute to a 6 per cent cut in spending and a predicted surplus of HK$9.1 billion in 2014-15.

But the package drew the ire of middle-class people already upset the chief executive's policy address last month focused on the poor. To address criticism, Tsang retained a salaries tax waiver of up to HK$10,000, and increased allowances for dependent parents and grandparents.

Tsang's budget reflected projections from his expert working group that next week will release a report warning the city's vast reserves - due to hit HK$745.9 billion next month - risk being wiped out by deficits.

Tsang said the panel had set out three scenarios showing that a structural deficit would emerge in seven to 15 years, depending on how quickly spending on health, welfare and education rose.

Despite the dire warnings, Tsang offered no big ideas on revenue. While agreeing with the working group that the city needed a broader revenue base, he said introducing new taxes would be difficult.

Instead, the government will increase 200, unspecified, fees and charges to raise HK$60 million a year. It will consider other fee increases, including the first rise in the water tariff for 19 years.

"I won't allow a structural deficit to emerge in eight to 10 years," Tsang said later.

He was considering the working group's idea of a "future fund" consisting of the Land Fund - which has HK$219.7 billion in land revenue from pre-handover years, and a portion of future surpluses - to pay for infrastructure when there was a budget deficit.

But Chinese University economist Professor Chong Tai-leung warned the fund could cause conflict because people would want more handouts or less tax.

Baptist University economist Dr Mo Pak-hung said: "If the government attempts to boost its popularity by increasing welfare … no fund will offer real help."


Main points

  • Salaries tax rebate of up to HK$10,000 stays; property rates waiver reduced; electricity subsidy goes
  • Government to record HK$12 billion surplus for year to next month; HK$9 billion surplus predicted for next year
  • GDP growth projection for next five years reduced from 4 per cent to 3.5 per cent
  • Budget to be in structural deficit within seven to 15 years



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This article is now closed to comments

"The government will have a budget surplus of HK$12 billion by the end of next month, instead of the deficit projected last year, says Tsang." How many wrong projections is this now? In any other country, Tsang would have been fired years ago.
Property rate waiver SHOULD NEVER be given to owners of multiple properties.
Part of a government's duty is to redistribute wealth through tax revenue.
How does giving a 10k cap help the poor in any way, the fact that some probably don't even earn enough to pay tax.
As someone who is on top 3% of wages, the 10k saving in tax shouldn't even be given to us in the first place as we should be paying proportionally more tax instead of absolute value more tax. Sadly, even if the government gets more money, it will just waste it away on focus groups instead of helping people in need.
" I shall not rule out any means to increase tax revenue. "
Fine, then start by taxing the $1.4BILLION the Li Ka Shing family pocketed last year free of tax.
"To boost trade ties with the mainland and beyond, the government will “secure more liberalisation measures and forge more free trade agreements” to help Hong Kong service industries." yay way more money laundering and de facto more cash to pour into market such as property.
Simon Berry
"Having regard to the competitiveness of Hong Kong and the impact on the community, there is little room for major tax hikes."
The last thing Hong Kong needs is any tax increases at all. If we must have increased taxes, then they should only be on things which impose externalities on others - private car registrations, congestion charges, tobacco etc.
it's easy - just stop building white elephant infrastructure & give some back to the people
meanwhile why is there no tax on shareholder dividends ?
if there was, we could do away with salaries tax
and why is there still no tax break on school education fees ?
yet this duffer is allocating more money to the tourism bureau totally ignoring the lava that is about to boil over
This government has itself in a bind if we rule out increasing tax revenues to plug a structural deficit. The only way out would be to reduce spending, which is ok if we do not have an increasing rich-poor divide and an ageing population. BUT WE DO.
Tsang cites HK's competitiveness to rule out messing around with taxes and quoted London and Shanghai as competitors, saying that our only attraction is our low tax. WHAT A LOONEY. How about spending some money to make us more attractive so that we are not perpetually competing on low taxes!!!!
Each time John Tsang talks; I expect gibberish to come out of his mouth; this time was no exception.
Reserves HK$750bn and rising. People still living in abject poverty.
Hong Kong's 'leadership' should be ashamed of themselves, but this clown is clearly a stranger to shame.



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