Beijing White Paper 2014

Autonomy of Hong Kong is safe, says liaison office chief Zhang Xiaoming

Beijing to stick by one country, two systems 'regardless of outcome of political reforms'

PUBLISHED : Friday, 08 August, 2014, 5:28am
UPDATED : Friday, 08 August, 2014, 10:58am

Beijing's "one country, two systems" policy on Hong Kong will not change even if universal suffrage cannot be achieved in the 2017 chief executive election, the central government's top representative in the city says.

The assurance came from Zhang Xiaoming, director of the central government's liaison office, after a white paper issued in June was seen as going against the promise of a high degree of autonomy for Hong Kong laid down 30 years ago.

But he also stressed the need to consider changes in Hong Kong elections from the "perspective of national security", saying Beijing must not allow the city to become a base of subversion against central authorities.

Zhang made the remarks in a 50-minute speech yesterday - unusual for its length as well as its timing, coming just weeks before the National People's Congress Standing Committee is to announce how Hong Kong will elect its Legislative Council in 2016 and chief executive in 2017.

"Even if, eventually, the political reform package could not get through [Legco], the central government would still insist on the 'one country, two systems' principle", he said.

"In other words, no matter how big a storm might emerge in the process, the central government's determination and will to insist on 'one country, two systems' would not be shaken."

But Zhang invoked the words of late paramount leader Deng Xiaoping to qualify what the principle meant.

"Deng said autonomy could not be without restrictions [because] complete autonomy [was tantamount to splitting] China into two," he said.

"If the central government gives up all its powers, there could be riots and chaos that would hurt Hong Kong's interests."

Zhang said he had amended his speech after learning that many reporters would cover it.

The white paper, issued on the "one country, two systems" policy, emphasised Beijing's "comprehensive jurisdiction" over Hong Kong. Critics see it as reversing promises of autonomy made in the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration.

Zhang dismissed that criticism, saying the document merely reiterated Beijing's policy. Critics "have been worrying too much, if they were not distorting [its meaning] deliberately".

On security concerns, Zhang again cited Deng, saying the city "must prevent some people from turning Hong Kong, under the veil of democracy, into a base in opposition to the mainland".

"No country would allow a regional government to be led by someone who confronted the central administration, and absolutely no space or potential hazard could be allowed to exist [for that to happen] - not even a tiny risk."

He said a small minority "has been colluding with foreign and external forces in Hong Kong", but did not elaborate.

Occupy Central co-organiser Dr Chan Kin-man said Zhang's remarks made him "less optimistic" about the national legislature's decision on political reform at the end of this month.