Venezuelan crisis

Arrests of Venezuelan opposition leaders show Maduro is moving fast to snatch power

President’s crackdown comes after vote to create assembly that would sweep away democratic institutions

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 02 August, 2017, 10:15am
UPDATED : Wednesday, 30 August, 2017, 6:04pm

It took a single day for Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro to make his authoritarian intentions clear.

About 24 hours after Maduro announced the formation of an assembly that would shoulder aside democratic institutions, after a widely condemned nationwide ballot, security forces hustled away the highest-profile opposition figures from their homes. The crackdown drew international condemnation, shook bond markets and conjured memories of the continent’s earlier era of repressive and deadly politics.

“The imprisonment of two of the most important dissidents of President Maduro’s government is further proof of the lack of respect for individual liberties and the due process of law, essential pillars of a democratic regime,” according to a statement from the office of Brazil’s foreign minister, Aloysio Nunes Ferreira.

Venezuela seizes opposition leaders from homes

For months, Maduro has been facing not only violent street protests but the possibility of economic punishment by the US, the largest purchaser of its oil. On Monday, the Trump administration punished the socialist president by freezing any assets he has in the US, and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin branded him a dictator out to kill a six-decade democracy. On Tuesday, Maduro’s regime re-arrested opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez, whose wife in February had visited the White House to ask President Donald Trump’s help in freeing him.

Lopez was taken from his home at gunpoint, Lilian Tintori said, just weeks after he had been transferred to house arrest after three years in a military prison. Caracas Mayor Antonio Ledezma was also seized, according to his wife. Videos purportedly showing both arrests were quickly circulating on social media.

Lopez has become a symbol for rights groups and foreign governments, who’ve said his detention was clear evidence that Maduro would trample basic rights. As Venezuelans suffer food shortages and violence escalates, Maduro is seeking to rewrite the constitution after a Sunday vote to choose members of a so-called constituent assembly that the opposition and many foreign governments refused to recognise.

One of Maduro’s top allies and leader of the ruling socialist party, Caracas Mayor Jorge Rodriguez, said Tuesday that the assembly would convene in coming hours. He didn’t say when or where.

The arrests brought back bitter memories of Latin American nations ruled for decades by repressive governments of the left and right. Raul Castro continues his brother Fidel’s domination of Cuba. Brazil was governed by a succession of generals, with democracy re-emerging only in 1985. In 1973, Chileans elected socialist Salvador Allende, only to see him toppled by a US-backed coup. In Argentina’s “dirty war” that lasted until 1983, thousands of dissidents disappeared at the hands of the military regime, some cast into the ocean from planes.

Now, for months, Venezuela’s government has held hundreds of political prisoners, with some arbitrarily detained and others prosecuted in the military justice system. Human rights advocates say some have faced torture.

“Maduro is sending a frightening message to all the people in Venezuela: Dissent will not be tolerated in any form,” Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International, said in a statement.

The Venezuelan supreme court said in a statement Tuesday that Lopez and Ledezma were picked up because they violated the terms of their house arrest and intelligence sources said they were planning to escape.

Ledezma was sent to Ramo Verde prison, according to his wife, Mitzy Capriles. A video shows him being taken out of his building in blue pajamas.

“Maduro is a dictator,” Capriles said at a news conference in Madrid.

Tintori released security-camera footage that appeared to show security forces putting Lopez into a car marked with the emblem of the intelligence police. Juan Carlos Gutierrez, Lopez’s lawyer, said in a radio interview that Lopez was taken to Ramo Verde.

Speaking to reporters in Washington Tuesday, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the US is “evaluating all our policy options as to what can we do to create a change of conditions where either Maduro decides he doesn’t have a future and wants to leave of his own accord or we can return the government processes back to their constitution.”

The 545-member constituent assembly, expected to be dominated by Maduro and his ally, strongman Diosdado Cabello, will meet as soon as this week to discuss changing the charter already rewritten under former leader Hugo Chavez. The body will supersede the national assembly, which is dominated by the opposition.

On Tuesday, the streets of Caracas bustled as usual, with businesses open and public transit running. But tremors radiated through markets. Bets on a Venezuelan default are climbing and the implied probability of a missed payment over the next year has risen to 64 per cent, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

Despite its oil wealth, years of economic mismanagement have beggared Venezuela. With international reserves near a 15-year low of only US$10 billion, the country is facing foreign debt payments totaling US$4.8 billion in the remainder of the year. Of that, US$1.6 billion is due in October and another US$1.9 billion in November.

The unaccustomed poverty in a formerly prosperous petrostate set off unrest that has brought soldiers into the streets and forced residents to stockpile food and water.

Opinion polls show the Venezuelan people are strongly opposed to Maduro’s plan. Protesters have been confronting security forces since April in clashes that have led to more than 110 deaths. A mass march against the regime is scheduled for Wednesday.