Activists scale Arctic oil platform
Greenpeace members are sprayed with ice water as they climb a massive Russian-owned platform
Agence France-Presse in Moscow
Greenpeace activists yesterday scaled the sides of an Arctic oil platform owned by Russian group Gazprom to draw attention to the dangers of drilling in one of the world's last pristine natural reserves.
Two Gazprom helicopters hovered over the group and periodically sprayed them with pressurised ice water as they hung down on ropes from the side of Gazprom's huge red ice-resistant Prirazlomnaya platform, due to start operations next year.
"They're hosing us," Greenpeace International's executive director, Kumi Naidoo, tweeted, while the team held up bright yellow signs reading "Save the Arctic!" and "Stop Gazprom!"
Naidoo said he did not expect coast guards to reach the remote spot of the inhospitable sea until today and posted pictures of the team setting up swinging tents in which they planned to spend the night and have dinner.
The daring raid comes as Russia joins other Arctic energy powers in exploiting what is believed to be one of the world's largest holdings of recoverable oil and natural gas.
Gazprom's independent project is due to kick off next year just as fellow state oil firm Rosneft begins its initial explorations with new partner ExxonMobil.
The area - also the subject of territorial rows between Canada and Norway - is becoming especially attractive as the size of the ice shelf shrinks and conflicts continue to rattle energy producers in the Middle East.
Greenpeace said its team reached Gazprom's floating production base by launching a pre-dawn sneak attack by inflatable speedboats from its ship Arctic Sunrise and then climbing aboard using mooring lines.
"Six climbers have taken up positions on the structure and have interrupted the platform's operations," the group said.
The state-owned firm immediately denied any impact on the platform's operations and said the activists had turned down an offer to enter the base for talks.
"They were invited aboard the platform for a constructive dialogue," a Gazprom spokesman told Russian news agencies.
"But they refused and said they would prefer to hang off the platform instead."
Gazprom next year will become the first company to start commercial drilling in the Arctic when it launches offshore operations in the southeastern section of the Barents Sea.
The holding's base runs just west of the developments being pursued jointly by ExxonMobil and Rosneft in an area viewed by the Kremlin as the main future source of Russia's oil and gas.
But critics warn that Gazprom's drilling is extremely risky because the platform is sealed in ice for most of the year and has to work smoothly in temperatures that often plunge to minus 50 degrees Celsius.
The Gazprom unit plans to drill and process oil before injecting it into tankers - operations that have never been performed in such an inhospitable climate.
Critics say the risks far outweigh the benefits it may offer the Russian government or consumers through cheaper fuel.
"The Prirazlomnaya platform will produce no more than seven million tonnes of oil a year," Greenpeace Russia director Vladimir Chuprov told Moscow Echo radio. "And the country needs to produce 500 million tonnes a year."
Greenpeace plans to promote a resolution at the UN General Assembly that would declare the Arctic a global sanctuary to prevent any oil drilling as well as unsustainable fishing.
A similar sanctuary in Antarctica was created 20 years ago when the mining industry was banned from operating there.
Additional reporting by Reuters