Benghazi's security chief powerless to check rise of Ansar al-Sharia militia
There are signs that the Islamist Ansa al-Sharia militia, believed to have aided deadly anti-US riots in Benghazi, is operating with impunity
The black flag of the Islamist Ansar al-Sharia militia continued to fly over its base in central Benghazi yesterday, but the garrison was nervous, braced for reprisals after the killing of the US ambassador to Libya on Tuesday night. Many in Benghazi say Sharia helped the attack of the US consulate that killed four Americans.
At the gate of the militia's compound, a bearded, black-clad commander said the talk inside was of two US warships that had been deployed off the Libyan coast. "Everybody is talking about it. I know they are there."
He refused to give his name or allow journalists to enter. When asked about the death of the ambassador, Chris Stevens, he stopped the interview and slammed the gate shut.
Sharia has been blamed for recent attacks on Western targets, including Commonwealth war graves and a rocket attack on the British ambassador in June. The group was formed early in last year's uprising and did much of the early fighting that stabilised the frontline in March 2011 when Muammar Gaddafi's forces threatened to capture Benghazi.
Its main base is 160km away in Derna, known as the centre of Islamic conservatism in Libya. The Libyan Islamic Fighting Group was formed here to oppose Gaddafi in the 1990s. When it was crushed, some members fled to join Islamists in Afghanistan.
The man responsible for security in Benghazi is Fawzi Yunis Gaddafi, who is from the same tribe as Libya's former dictator but was jailed by the former regime for his political views. Chief of the Benghazi branch of the supreme security committee (SSC), the national military force, Yunis Gaddafi said Sharia sat apart from the security apparatus.
"There is the SSC, and [in Benghazi] there are other brigades that are not with the SSC. Ansar al-Sharia is separate," he said.
But he was reluctant to close down Sharia without direct orders, despite evidence that Sharia personnel were involved in the night of violence. "We saw some individuals there [at the consulate attack],"he said.
He even knew where some of the suspects were: Benghazi's al-Jala hospital was treating several of the mob wounded in the fighting. But security forces did not dare enter the hospital because it was guarded by the Sharia brigade. "There are some who have been wounded, but if you go there the Sharia are around the hospital," he said.
On Tuesday night, Yunis Gaddafi had taken panicked calls from US diplomats pleading for help as they faced death. "I spoke to the Americans, they were saying 'please help us'," he said.
His units arrived too late to save Stevens and his colleagues. He said he would have had more men on duty if he had known the ambassador was inside the embattled compound. "We didn't know the ambassador was there. It was the Americans' fault. If we had known he was there, we would have been earlier."
Diplomats have in the past muttered about Islamist units such as Sharia enjoying funding and support from Qatar and Saudi Arabia, powerful allies of the new Libya whom the government hesitates to oppose. But Yunis Gaddafi denied this was a factor. He said Sharia could only be blamed if conclusive proof emerged from an investigation.
That seems unlikely. Libya's interior ministry said it had arrested four men, refusing to confirm whether they were Sharia members, but there were no signs of an investigation at the burnt-out consulate. Police were absent and journalists were allowed free access, trampling possible clues into the dust.
"You want to know who controls Benghazi?" asked a man, who did not give his name, outside Mishal al-Harem mosque after Friday prayers. "Nobody controls the streets of Benghazi."