Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX) designs, manufactures and launches the world's most advanced rockets and spacecraft. Based in California, it was founded in 2002 by former PayPal entrepreneur Elon Musk with the aim of revolutionising space transportation. Its prototype rocket, Falcon 1, and the more powerful Falcon 9, were designed to be reusable, eventually taking humans into space and back again. SpaceX is a private company owned by management and employees, with minority investments from Founders Fund, Draper Fisher Jurvetson, and Valor Equity Partners.
SpaceX cargo ship reaches International Space Station
Astronauts aboard the International Space Station plucked a commercial cargo ship from orbit on Wednesday, a key manoeuvre in the first US supply run to the orbital outpost since the retirement of the cargo-hauling space shuttles last year.
After a 2-1/2 day trip, Space Exploration Technologies’ Dragon cargo ship positioned itself 10 metres away from the US$100 billion research complex, a project of 15 countries, which has been dependent on Russian, European and Japanese freighters for supplies.
Astronaut Akihiko Hoshide then used the space station’s 17.7-metre long robotic arm to grab hold of a grapple fixture on the side of the capsule at 10.56 GMT as the spacecraft flew 402 kilometres above the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Baja California in northwest Mexico.
“Looks like we tamed the Dragon,” commander Sunita Williams radioed to Mission Control in Houston.
“We’re happy she’s on board with us. Thanks to everybody at SpaceX and Nasa for bringing her here to us. And the ice cream,” she said.
The Dragon’s cargo includes a freezer to ferry science samples back and forth between the station and earth. For the flight up, it was packed with chocolate-vanilla swirl ice cream, a rare treat for an orbiting crew.
Williams and Hoshide were scheduled to berth the capsule to a docking port on the station’s Harmony connecting module at about 13.40 GMT.
It is expected to remain attached to the station for about 18 days while the crew unloads its cargo and fills it with science experiments and equipment no longer needed on the outpost.
The flight is the first of 12 planned under a US$1.6-billion contract Nasa placed with privately owned Space Exploration Technologies, or SpaceX, to deliver cargo to the station.
The US space agency’s second supplier, Orbital Sciences Corp, plans to debut its Antares rocket later this year. A demonstration run to the station is planned for February or March.
Nasa also is working with SpaceX, Boeing Co and privately owned Sierra Nevada Corp to design space taxis that can fly crew to and from the station, with the goal of breaking Russia’s monopoly on crew ferry flights by 2017.