Maker of anti-Islam film jailed a year for breaching probation
Director behind video that provoked fury across Muslim world to serve another year behind bars after violating his probation
The man behind the anti-Islam video blamed for sparking deadly protests in the Muslim world has been jailed in the US for a year for breaching the terms of his probation for a previous offence.
Mark Basseley Youssef, 55, will serve the sentence in a federal prison after admitting four charges of using false identities - a violation of the terms of his probation for a fraud conviction in 2010. He had faced up to two years' jail, but four other charges were dropped in a plea deal.
Youssef was identified as the main man behind Innocence of Muslims, an amateurish film depicting the Prophet Mohammed as a thuggish deviant. It triggered a wave of violent protests that left dozens dead in September.
The video was linked to the September 11 attack on the US consulate in Benghazi in which envoy Chris Stevens and three other Americans were killed.
In 2009, a federal indictment accused Youssef and others of fraudulently obtaining the identities and Social Security numbers of customers at several Wells Fargo branches in California and withdrawing US$860 from them. He was jailed for 21 months and ordered not to use computers or the internet for five years without authorisation, and also banned from using fictitious names during his supervised release.
Youssef was arrested in September for eight probation violations. At a hearing last month he denied all counts, but on Wednesday he admitted four, in return for the others being set aside.
US District Judge Christina Snyder said Youssef, who has already spent five weeks in custody, must spend 12 months behind bars, followed by four years of supervised release.
Youssef was previously listed as Nakoula Basseley Nakoula, and known as Sam Bacile when the video protests emerged.
Assistant US Attorney Robert Dugdale said Youssef had "betrayed" the actors involved in Innocence of Muslims by not telling them he was a "recently released convicted felon".
The Egyptian-born Coptic Christian also deceived them by dubbing anti-Islamic dialogue over their lines after the movie was shot. "He made that choice for other people," the prosecutor said. Such behaviour was part of a "long-standing pattern of deception" by Youssef, he added.
An actress on the film, Cindy Lee Garcia, filed two lawsuits against YouTube demanding that it withdraw a 14-minute clip of the film. Both were rejected.
Garcia said she thought she signed up for a film called Desert Warrior about life 2,000 years ago, and only realised her lines had been over-dubbed when protests erupted across the Muslim world in September.
US missions, schools and businesses were set ablaze by angry mobs offended by the film.
Court papers say Youssef wrote and produced the trailer, and put an English-language version on YouTube on July 2, followed by a version dubbed in Arabic on September 11.
"His deception actually caused real harm to people," Dugdale told the Los Angeles court, adding that at least one actress feared for her life and others "believe their careers are ruined" by appearing in the video.
But defence lawyer Steve Seiden said Youssef had the right to change dialogue and other things about the film, stating "the actors signed releases" surrendering rights to the filmmaker.