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MIDDLE EAST

US, Britain warn of risks of Israeli ground war

PUBLISHED : Monday, 19 November, 2012, 1:01pm
UPDATED : Monday, 19 November, 2012, 1:10pm

The United States and Britain on Sunday warned about the risks of Israel expanding its air assault on the Gaza Strip into a ground war, while vigorously defending the Jewish state’s right to protect itself against rocket attacks.

The remarks by President Barack Obama and Britain Foreign Secretary William Hague were part of a diplomatic balancing act by the West as it desperately seeks an end to violence without alienating its closest ally in the region.

“Israel has every right to expect that it does not have missiles fired into its territory,” President Barack Obama said at a news conference in Bangkok at the start of a three-nation visit to Asia.

“If that can be accomplished without a ramping up of military activity in Gaza, that’s preferable,” Obama said. “It’s not just preferable for the people of Gaza. It’s also preferable for Israelis, because if Israeli troops are in Gaza, they’re much more at risk of incurring fatalities or being wounded.”

The president spoke shortly before an Israeli airstrike levelled a home in a residential neighbourhood. Palestinian medical officials said at least 11 civilians, mostly women and children, were killed. The attack was the single deadliest incident of the five-day-old Israeli operation.

The Israeli military said the target was a top rocket mastermind of the Islamic Jihad militant group. The claim could not be immediately verified, and the attack raised speculation that Israel could face increased international pressure if the civilian death toll continued to rise.

Hague said Hamas, Gaza’s militant rulers, “bears principal responsibility” for initiating the violence and must stop all rocket attacks on Israel. But Hague also made clear the diplomatic risks of an Israeli escalation.

“A ground invasion is much more difficult for the international community to sympathise with or support, including the United Kingdom,” he said.

Israeli officials say the airstrikes are aimed at ending months of rocket fire out of the Hamas-ruled territory. Israel began the offensive with an unexpected airstrike that killed Hamas’ military chief, and since then has targeted suspected rocket launchers and storage sites.

The Mideast ally is now at a crossroads: launch a ground invasion or pursue Egyptian-led truce efforts. But with Israel and Hamas far apart on any terms of cease-fire, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu declared at the start of the weekly Cabinet meeting: “The Israeli military is prepared to significantly expand the operation.”

The crisis threatened to overshadow Obama’s trip to Asia, which includes stops in Myanmar and Cambodia as part of a broader effort to expand the US economic and military presence in a region long dominated by China.

So far, the US has thrown its weight behind Israel, and Obama has called on Egypt and Turkey to intervene on Israel’s behalf. Obama said the Palestinians won’t have a chance to pursue their own state and a lasting peace with Israel so long as rockets are fired into Israel.

“If we’re serious about wanting to resolve this situation and create a genuine peace process, it starts with no more missiles being fired into Israel’s territory, and that then gives us the space to try to deal with these longstanding conflicts that exist,” Obama said.

He pointed to the next 48 hours “to see what kind of progress we can make”.

Obama said he has told Egypt’s president, Mohammed Mursi, and Turkey’s prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan that “those who champion the cause of the Palestinians should recognise that if we see a further escalation of the situation in Gaza, then the likelihood of us getting back on any kind of peace track that leads to a two-state solution is going to be pushed off way into the future.”

Members of the US Congress, which overwhelmingly supports Israel, criticised Egypt and Turkey for not doing enough to intervene. They said all eyes were on Mursi, Egypt’s first civilian and freely elected leader.

“Egypt, watch what you do and how you do it,” Senator Lindsey Graham told NBC’s Meet the Press. “You’re teetering with the Congress on having your aid cut off if you keep inciting violence between the Israelis and the Palestinians.”

In a separate interview on ABC’s This Week,” Senator Carl Levin, chairman of the Armed Services Committee, called Egypt’s response to the crisis “pretty weak” so far.

“I think that they’re going to have to take some very serious steps diplomatically to make it clear to Hamas that they’re going to lose support in the Arab world if they continue these rocket attacks on Israel,” said Levin.

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