Japanese Tsunami 2011
On March 11, 2011, a devastating 9.0 earthquake and tsunami struck Japan, claiming the lives of more than 15,000 people. It was the most powerful known earthquake ever to have hit Japan, and one of the five most powerful earthquakes in the world. In the aftermath, a state of emergency was declared following the failure of the cooling system at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, resulting in the evacuation of nearby residents. Radiation levels inside the plant were up to 1,000 times normal levels, and those outside the plant were up to eight times normal levels.
Sea floor near Great Barrier Reef could collapse, triggering tsunami
A huge slab of sea floor near the Great Barrier Reef is in the early stages of collapse and could generate a massive tsunami when it finally breaks off, researchers warned yesterday.
Marine geologists from Australia's James Cook University have been using advanced 3D mapping techniques on the deepest parts of the reef - below normal diving depth - since 2007 and have discovered dozens of submarine canyons.
On a recent trip, they came across the one-cubic-kilometre slab of sea floor, the remains of an ancient underwater landslide, which is perched on the continental shelf and weighs billions of tonnes.
"Undersea landslides are a well understood geological process but we didn't know there were any on the Barrier Reef," geologist Robin Beaman said.
"We found this one large block that stood out. It is sitting on top of a submarine canyon, cutting into the slopes and it is in the preliminary stage of collapse."
He stressed that no one knew when a collapse may occur, "whether tomorrow or even in our lifetime", but that people should be aware that it was there.
"It is slowly giving way although it remains stable under current conditions," he said.
"But it is absolutely going to collapse and when it does fall it will fall one kilometre into the adjacent basin.
"This will generate a localised tsunami that will affect the Queensland coastline, which is around 70 kilometres away.
"We're not trying to alarm people, but we need to know it is there and what could happen when it falls," he added.
The geologists who made the discovery, which was published in the journal Natural Hazards, were travelling on the Southern Surveyor, an Australian maritime research vessel. The ship is the one on which scientist Maria Seton last month discovered that a South Pacific land mass, identified on world maps as Sandy Island, does not exist.