GI liberators were big trouble in 1944 Normandy, says new book
More often than not, GIs who came as liberators were just sex-obsessed thugs, says researcher
The image of American GI's who landed in Normandy in June 1944 has long been choreographed as one of handsome young men liberating an occupied country. A new book, however, paints a darker picture.
Far removed from accounts of selfless derring-do, many US soldiers were viewed by the French as sex-obsessed thugs who had been promised an "erotic adventure" - a mission that was fulfilled, much to the chagrin of locals.
That this happened is not a secret in the Normandy region "but it's a big surprise for the American audience," Mary Louise Roberts, author of What Soldiers Do: Sex and the American GI in World War II France, said.
Roberts, a history professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, wrote the book, which will be released next month, after extensive study of wartime archives in France and the United States.
Her research seeks to debunk an "old myth about the GI, a manly creature that always behaves well," she says, noting that sexuality, prostitution and rape were all methods used by Americans to "assert their power on the French".
While the US media described the liberation as a tale of romance - backed up by photographs of American soldiers kissing young French women - more often than not the reality was less giddy.
Debauchery, lawlessness and disturbing tales of institutional racism are cited. "The GI's were having sex anywhere and everywhere," Roberts says.
In the cities of Le Havre and Cherbourg, bad behaviour was common. Women, including those who were married, were openly solicited for sex.
Parks, bombed-out buildings, cemeteries and railway tracks were carnal venues. But the sex was not always consensual, with hundreds of cases of rape being reported.
Le Havre's then mayor, Pierre Voisin, complained to Colonel Thomas Weed, commander of US troops in the region, about the GI's' behaviour, according to a series of documents cited by Roberts.
"The people could not go out for a walk without seeing somebody having sex," she says, and though US officers denounced such behaviour publicly they did little to curtail it, according to the historian.
Roberts does not neglect the fact that US soldiers did act with bravery and much heroism, and mentions how such conduct attracted French gratitude.
Her book, however, recounts propaganda purportedly meant to motivate young Americans to fight a war in a country they hardly knew but which had the more immediate effect of feeding the soldiers' sexual desire.
Life magazine described France as "a tremendous brothel inhabited by 40 million hedonists", while the Stars and Stripes newspaper published a series of suggestive French phrases.
"You are very pretty," "Do you want a cigarette?" and "Are your parents at home?" were among the helpful hints.
"Once aroused, the GI libido proved difficult to contain," Roberts writes.