The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a sovereign state in northern Europe which includes England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It is governed under a constitutional monarchy and a democratic parliamentary system made up of two houses; an elected House of Commons and an appointed House of Lords. It has a population of more than 62 million and has the world's seventh-largest economy by nominal GDP. It is predominantly a Christian country, although successive waves of migration have contributed to the growth of other faiths. It is a member of the European Union as well as the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, G7, G8, G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the World Trade Organization.
British National Party protest after soldier's killing drowned out by anti-fascists
Cycle of protest and counterprotest after killing of soldier in London continues
Police intervened to separate about 150 far-right protesters from a much larger anti-racism crowd in London yesterday to stop them from coming to blows over the killing of a British soldier on a busy street last week.
The protest by the far-right British National Party (BNP) near the Houses of Parliament was dwarfed by a counter-demonstration by a group called Unite Against Fascism (UAF).
A number of protests and counter-protests have taken place in the wake of the May 22 killing of Lee Rigby, a serving soldier and veteran of the war in Afghanistan, which the authorities are treating as a terrorist incident.
Michael Adebowale and Michael Adebolajo are now in custody on suspicion of killing Rigby. Adebowale has been charged with murder and possession of a firearm.
The BNP protesters held placards with the slogan "Hate preachers out", a reference to radical Muslim clerics they say should be deported from Britain.
The UAF banners had slogans like "Free hugs", "Nazis out" and "Jobs and homes not racism".
Witnesses said there were some minor scuffles and they saw one man with a bloody nose, but police intervened quickly to keep the two sides apart.
Police said some of the UAF protesters refused to remain in their designated penned area and 20 were arrested.
The BNP originally wanted to march through Woolwich, the neighbourhood in southeast London where Rigby was killed, but the police banned them from the area.
Small but noisy far-right groups have taken to the streets several times since Rigby's killing to express anti-Muslim views.
Rigby's family issued a statement on Friday saying his death should not be used as a pretext for reprisal attacks against Muslims.
Yesterday, the Daily Mirror newspaper published a letter entitled "Hope not Hate", signed by 33,000 people including Ed Miliband, the leader of the opposition Labour Party.