The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is situated on the northern coast of South America. Home to an estimated population of 29.1 million, it covers around 916,445 square kilometres which includes the Andes mountains and the Amazon Basin Rainforest. Its main export is oil. Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 but continued resistance led in 1811 to it becoming the first Spanish American country to declare independence. A chequered political history followed which saw dictatorships rise and fall, as well as military coups. The current president is founder of the Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200, Hugo Chávez. 


Venezuela's Maduro scraps plan to restrict food sales

PUBLISHED : Sunday, 09 June, 2013, 12:37pm
UPDATED : Sunday, 09 June, 2013, 12:37pm

President Nicolas Maduro said Saturday that he has put a halt to a plan to restrict sales of 20 basic food products in Venezuela’s most populous state, a scheme critics had deemed rationing in disguise.

Officials in western Zulia state had said the plan to limit sales of items such as cooking oil, flour, chicken and toilet paper — all of which are subject to price controls — could begin as early as Monday at 65 supermarkets. But they never explained exactly how it would work.

Data on purchases would reside on computer servers to guarantee that individuals did not make multiple purchases of the same item in different supermarkets, they said.

“It’s insane this idea, whoever got into their head, of a computer chip for purchases,” Maduro said in a speech televised on state TV.

Maduro said he asked Governor Francisco Arias Cardenas, a socialist ally and former military officer, to scrap the planned restrictions on food sales and Arias agreed.

Venezuela relies on petroleum for about 97 per cent of its export earnings

Many considered the plan tantamount to introducing rationing, but officials in Zulia insisted it wasn’t rationing but rather an anti-contraband effort because the goods are more expensive in neighbouring Colombia.

Arias told reporters Saturday that “we will continue with our plans against contraband” without specifying how.

Venezuela is plagued by worsening shortages of basic food and medicine and annual inflation that last month topped 35 per cent, reaching the highest monthly rate in 17 years.

It’s a predicament many economists blame on currency and price controls coupled with a growing shortage in foreign currency due to falling oil exports and major government spending on social programs on last year during the late President Hugo Chavez’s re-election campaign.

Zulia and the neighbouring state of Tachira have in the past two years instituted restrictions on petrol sales using windshield stickers that include a computer chip.

Venezuela’s subsidised petrol is so cheap that people can fill their tanks for the regulated price of a quart of milk.

The socialist-run country has the world’s largest oil reserves and relies on petroleum for about 97 per cent of its export earnings.



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