Obama set to unveil plan to tackle greenhouse gas emissions | South China Morning Post
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CLIMATE CHANGE

Obama set to unveil plan to tackle greenhouse gas emissions

With little help from Congress, US president set to unveil plan to tackle emissions

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 26 June, 2013, 12:00am
UPDATED : Wednesday, 26 June, 2013, 4:59am

US President Barack Obama is running out of time to make good on his lofty vow to confront climate change head-on, and Congress is in no mood to help.

Moving ahead on his own, Obama was set to announce a set of actions that will take years to implement. He was scheduled to detail his climate change plan in a speech this morning, Hong Kong time.

The centrepiece of the plan is a push to issue new regulations that would curb greenhouse-gas emissions from new and existing power plants, according to people briefed on the plan by the administration. Other components would include energy efficiency, renewable energy sources and help for communities preparing for the effects of climate change.

"This is a serious challenge, but it's one uniquely suited to America's strengths," Obama said in a White House video announcing the speech at Georgetown University.

Yet environmental activists are frustrated that Obama, despite deeming climate change a priority as far back as his first presidential campaign, waited until his fifth year in office to issue a detailed plan. In his state of the union address in February, Obama gave lawmakers an ultimatum that if Congress wouldn't pass climate legislation, he'd take action himself. Four months later, Obama appears to have lost patience.

"His view reflects reality," said White House spokesman Jay Carney. "We've seen Congress attempt to deal with this issue, and fail to."

Days earlier, as word came of Obama's plans for existing power plants, the leader of the House of Representatives, Speaker John Boehner, called it "absolutely crazy", making it clear the obstacles Obama would face in trying to push anything through Congress.

In going it alone, Obama's options are somewhat limited. But environmental activists say taking action to reduce the heat-trapping gases that coal-fired power plants emit would have the most impact.

Forty per cent of US carbon dioxide emissions, and one-third of greenhouse gases overall, come from electric power plants, according to the US Energy Information Administration.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), using its authority under the Clean Air Act, has already proposed rules for new power plants, but those rules have been delayed. Although finalising the rules for new plants would likely compel the government to eventually take similar action on existing plants, the Obama administration has until now focused on new plants.

People briefed on Obama's plan for existing plants said that rather than issue a specific new standard, Obama would announce he's directing his administration to work with states and interested parties to develop a cost-effective, flexible system that can curb emissions without costing so much as to create negative economic impacts.

That's a process that is sure to drag on for years.

"If the EPA proceeds with regulations, they should be based on adequately demonstrated technology and provide an achievable time frame to allow the coal industry to continue advancing clean-coal technologies," said Mike Duncan, who runs the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity.

So if Obama wants to see the new rules realised while he is still in charge, he has to start now.

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