Mohammed Mursi is a leading member of the Muslim Brotherhood and former president of Egypt, assuming office on 30 June 2012. He was unseated in a military coup on 3 July 2013 by the Egyptian defence minister Abdul Fatah Khalil Al-Sisi following widespread democracy protests across the country and calls for his resignation by leading opposition party members.
Egyptian army seen as saviour of the people with ultimatum for Mursi
All past fury is forgotten as protesters welcome ultimatum for Mursi to resolve stand-off
The Egyptian army's reprised role as hero in a new act of the country's political drama has been celebrated by protesters as a decisive blow against an unpopular president just 2½ years after the military unseated his predecessor.
Cairo's Tahrir Square erupted in party scenes reminiscent of the night Hosni Mubarak was forced from office in 2011, as hundreds of thousands of people rejoiced at an army statement they believed heralded the end of President Mohammed Mursi's rule.
Spurred on by mass anti-Mursi protests, the army gave the president and his opponents 48 hours to resolve a stand-off that has beset his first year in office. Failure to meet the people's demands, the army said, would result in the military unveiling and implementing its own road map for the country.
In 2011, as now, the protesters praised the army for responding to the "will of the people", disregarding the Islamists rallying in smaller numbers across the other side of town in support of the president freely elected last year.
In Tahrir, there was no talk of the tensions that made the generals the focus of fury during 17 months of military rule punctuated with crises.
"The army and the people are one hand!" they chanted - a refrain heard the night Mubarak was toppled - as five army helicopters flying Egyptian flags circled over central Cairo.
Many analysts doubt the army wants to move back into an executive role. Diplomats said 17 months of interim rule fraught with economic and political crises was more than enough for the generals. In its statement on Monday, the army reiterated its commitment to the nascent democracy.
For Akram Mahmoud, a 50-year-old civil servant, a year of Mursi's presidency had made army rule an attractive option.
"I prefer the army, I want the army to take power. There is nothing greater than our armed forces," he said, clutching an Egyptian flag as he cursed himself for having voted for Mursi.
He said he had voted for the Muslim Brotherhood politician because he saw him as a man who "knew God". A year later, he had concluded that he was a man who "traded in religion".
It echoes the complaints of Egyptians who also list the economic crisis and what they perceive as a Brotherhood power grab as reasons why Mursi must go.
"They are very strongly supported by the public," said Mohamed Aboulghar, head of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party. "The army will be very reasonable. We are optimistic, but not completely optimistic."
The Islamists rallying for Mursi see the protests demanding he step down as an assault on democracy. If the army is seen as a hero to Mursi's opponents, Islamists rallying outside a mosque in northern Cairo felt differently.
"Today's statement is blatant interference in the president's affairs," said Mohamed Sabry.