French, Spanish police dismantle operation to smuggle Chinese to Europe and the United States
Migrants were charged HK$500,000 to be smuggled from China to the US and Europe
Spanish and French police said yesterday they have dismantled a human trafficking ring that smuggled Chinese migrants into Europe and the United States, charging as much as €50,000 (HK$518,000) per person.
A total of 75 suspects including two "main operatives" based in Barcelona were arrested, including 51 in Spain and 24 in France after a two-year joint investigation, a police statement said.
The traffickers charged €40,000 to €50,000 per person to provide "false identities and transport Chinese citizens to the United States and countries such as Spain, France, Greece, Italy, the United Kingdom, Ireland and Turkey," the statement said.
The gang's main European hub was Barcelona airport. It used the northeastern city as a stopping-off point for Chinese while false documents were prepared.
In some cases the ring was involved in the sexual exploitation of migrants, it added.
Spanish police seized 81 fake passports from Asian countries and regions such as Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Malaysia, Japan and Singapore.
The investigation into the ring, described as "complex", began in July 2011.
"The composition of this perfectly structured, hierarchical organisation, with its kingpin in China and independent cells operating in different countries, completely shut off from each other, complicated the investigation," the police statement said.
The traffickers accompanied their clients all the way from China to Spain, "the last stop (serving as a) trampoline to the final destination, usually the United Kingdom or the United States," it said.
The operatives, mainly from China and Malaysia, had the "complete confidence" of the ringleaders and were "thorough connoisseurs of the European airports and cities along the route of the transfers," the statement said.
Once their mission was accomplished they would return home immediately "in order to make it more difficult to track them".
Upon the migrants' arrival in Barcelona, operatives would meet them and take them to safe houses before they embarked on the next leg of their journey.
The route taken from China, as well as the travel documents used, "changed constantly according to the successes and failures of previous trips ... or in order to prevent discovery of the traffickers".
The migrants were given precise instructions on how to avoid detection at customs controls, for example by mixing in with a group of tourists.
The two top officials were arrested in Barcelona, while another 49 suspects were picked up at Spanish airports including those in Barcelona, Madrid, Malaga and Mallorca, plus another 24 in France. Police also seized equipment for forging documents including portable computers, scanners, around 20 fake customs stamps and an elec- tronic magnifier, as well as wads of cash, both euros and yuan.