Mohammed Mursi is a leading member of the Muslim Brotherhood and former president of Egypt, assuming office on 30 June 2012. He was unseated in a military coup on 3 July 2013 by the Egyptian defence minister Abdul Fatah Khalil Al-Sisi following widespread democracy protests across the country and calls for his resignation by leading opposition party members.
36 killed in Egypt in attempted prison truck escape
Death toll for crackdown up to almost 800
Thirty-six Islamist prisoners were killed on Sunday during an attempted jailbreak in Egypt, police said, bringing to almost 800 the death toll in five days as authorities continued a crackdown on supporters of ousted president Mohammed Mursi.
The bloodshed in Egypt has drawn widespread international condemnation, with senior European Union diplomats set to hold emergency talks on Monday to discuss the situation and future EU action.
There were conflicting reports of how the deaths occurred but the Egyptian interior ministry said the prisoners had taken an officer hostage and died after suffocating on tear gas.
“Thirty-six of the prisoners died of suffocation and crowding after tear gas was used to stop their escape,” the ministry said.
The killings were the latest in five days of bloodshed sparked by a police and military operation to clear Islamists from protest camps in Cairo.
In his first remarks since the campaign was launched, military chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who overthrew Mursi on July 3, warned security forces would confront any further violence from protesters.
“We will never be silent in the face of the destruction of the country,” Sisi told top military and police commanders.
“We are very prepared for this,” he said, pledging a “forceful” response to further attacks on police stations and government buildings.
The army and police have sent reinforcements to the Abu Zaabal prison, the scene of Sunday’s deadly jailbreak attempt, the official MENA news agency reported.
The Muslim Brotherhood, Mursi’s once banned movement that backed his election victory last year, said 35 prisoners were killed, revising an earlier toll of 52.
“The murder of 35 detained anti-coup protestors affirms the intentional violence aimed at opponents of the coup, and the cold-blooded killing of which they are targets,” it said in a statement in English.
The Islamists said they cancelled “several marches” on Sunday, citing fears of vigilantes and snipers, but that others would go ahead.
At a mosque in the Dokki neighbourhood of Cairo, where one march was scheduled to begin, residents stood guard.
“We are waiting for them. I swear we will kill them if they approach the mosque,” one said.
In the evening, the interior ministry announced a ban on vigilantes who have formed self-styled “popular committees” and urged citizens to respect a nightly curfew.
Elsewhere in Egypt, hundreds of protesters briefly marched in the Suez canal city of Ismailiya, an AFP correspondent said.
Two policemen were later killed in a shooting attack near the city, the interior ministry said.
Violence has also continued to plague the Sinai Peninsula, where a civilian, two soldiers and a policeman were killed overnight on Saturday, security sources said.
The unrest has left Egypt divided as never before.
Vigilantes have pulled bearded men out of cars, and a mob chanted “terrorists” as Mursi supporters were dragged from Cairo’s Al-Fath mosque on Saturday after a tense siege that included exchanges of gunfire.
According to an AFP tally, more than 1,000 people have been killed since mass demonstrations against Mursi erupted at the end of June, among them a son of the Brotherhood’s supreme guide who died on Friday.
The violence has shocked the international community, but Egypt’s army-installed government has fiercely defended its actions while dismissing reports it plans to ban the Brotherhood.
The European Union said on Sunday it would review ties with Egypt’s army and government unless the bloodshed ends.
“The EU will urgently review in the coming days its relations with Egypt,” EU leaders Herman Van Rompuy and Jose Manuel Barroso said.
British Foreign Secretary William Hague called his Egyptian counterpart to condemn violence by both sides, and described as “unacceptable” attacks against churches.
The United States has announced the cancellation of its biannual military exercise with Egypt, and its embassy in Cairo was closed on Sunday for security reasons.
The White House has stopped short of suspending $1.3 billion in annual aid, although some US lawmakers called on Sunday for the funds to be cut.
But the international response has not been uniformly critical. Both Saudi Arabia and Jordan have said they back Egypt in its fight against “terrorism”.
On Sunday morning, the capital showed signs of returning to normal, with traffic beginning to flow again and banks and shops reopening for the first time since Wednesday.
Wednesday’s storming of protest camps set up by Mursi supporters sparked nationwide clashes that claimed 578 lives.