Bradley Manning is a US soldier who was arrested in May 2010 in Iraq on suspicion of having passed classified military material to the whistleblowing website WikiLeaks. Assigned to an army unit based near Baghdad, Manning had access to databases used by the military to transmit classified information. He was charged with 22 offences by the US government, including those of communicating national defence information to an unauthorised source and aiding the enemy. A military judge on July 30 2013 acquitted Manning of the most serious charge against him, aiding the enemy, but convicted him of most of the other charges including espionage, theft and computer fraud.
Call me Chelsea: Bradley Manning plans to live as a woman
After being sentenced to 35 years in jail, the whistle-blower has changed his name and says he wants to undergo hormone therapy
Bradley Manning plans to live as a woman named Chelsea and wants to begin hormone therapy as soon as possible, the US soldier said yesterday, a day after being sentenced to 35 years in prison for the biggest leak of classified material in US history.
Manning announced the decision in a written statement provided to NBC, asking supporters to refer to him by his new name and the feminine pronoun. The statement was signed "Chelsea E. Manning".
"As I transition into this next phase of my life, I want everyone to know the real me. I am Chelsea Manning. I am a female. Given the way that I feel, and have felt since childhood, I want to begin hormone therapy as soon as possible," the statement read.
Manning's defence attorney, David Coombs, told NBC he was hoping officials at the military prison would accommodate Manning's request for hormone therapy. If not, "I'm going to do everything in my power to make sure they are forced to do so," Coombs said.
Manning's struggle with gender identity disorder - the sense of being a woman trapped in a man's body - was key to the defence. Attorneys had presented evidence of Manning's struggle with gender identity, including a photo of the soldier in a blond wig and lipstick sent to a therapist.
Meanwhile, the fight to free Manning has taken a new turn, with Coombs and supporters saying they will ask the Army for leniency - and the White House for a pardon, which is unlikely.
Even Manning's supporters have pivoted. During the sentencing hearing, they wore T-shirts reading, "truth". Hours later, they had changed into shirts saying, "President Obama: Pardon Bradley Manning".
Manning faces the stiffest punishment ever handed out in the United States for leaking information to the media. With good behaviour and credit for the more than three years the soldier has been held, Manning could be out in as little as seven years, Coombs said.
Manning has been called both a whistle-blower and a traitor for giving more than 700,000 classified military and diplomatic documents, plus battlefield footage, to the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks.
Coombs said he would file a request early next week that President Barack Obama pardon Manning or commute his sentence to time served.
Coombs read from a letter Manning will send to the president in which he said: "I regret if my actions hurt anyone or harmed the United States. It was never my intent to hurt anyone."
The White House said the request would be considered "like any other application". However, a pardon seems unlikely.
Manning, an Army intelligence analyst, digitally copied and released Iraq and Afghanistan battlefield reports and State Department cables while working in 2010 in Iraq. The soldier also leaked video of a 2007 Apache helicopter attack in Baghdad that mistakenly killed at least nine people, including a Reuters photographer.
The government alleged Manning was a traitor. The soldier was found guilty last month of 20 crimes, including six violations of the Espionage Act, but was acquitted of the most serious charge, aiding the enemy, which carried a potential sentence of life in prison without parole.
The case was part of an unprecedented string of prosecutions brought by the US government in a crackdown on security breaches. The Obama administration has charged seven people with leaking to the media; only three people were prosecuted under all previous presidents combined.
Whistle-blower advocates said the punishment was unprecedented in its severity. Steven Aftergood, of the Federation of American Scientists, said "no other leak case comes close".