The anti-secrecy international organisation was founded in 2006 by Australian Julian Assange. The non-profit group calls itself a media organisation and also acts as an online "drop box" for anonymous sources to leak information and documents to journalists. In 2010, WikiLeaks became more prominent after releasing the "Collateral Murder" video, which showed US Army helicopter firing on a group of mostly unarmed men, two of whom were journalists.
Bradley Manning doing well in prison, says lawyer
A lawyer for US Army Private Bradley Manning said in a blog post on Thursday the soldier is doing well as he goes through processing at the military prison at Fort Leavenworth.
David Coombs wrote that he spoke on Wednesday with Manning, while he goes through the three-to-four-week period known as indoctrination at the Kansas prison.
Coombs, who lives in Rhode Island, also said he plans to travel there in the coming weeks to meet with medical staff and the leadership in the quest to allow Manning to receive hormone therapy and other treatment for gender dysphoria - the sense of being a woman trapped in a man’s body.
Coombs went on the Today show last week, a day after Manning was sentenced to 35 years in prison for giving government secrets to WikiLeaks, to announce that Manning wants to live as a woman named Chelsea and begin hormone treatment soon.
“These requests address a serious medical need of Chelsea and are consistent with the general medical community’s practice of adequate medical care for those with gender dysphoria,” Coombs wrote.
It is army policy not to provide such treatment; soldiers diagnosed with gender dysphoria are administratively discharged. But Manning cannot be discharged until he completes his prison sentence and exhausts all appeals of his court-martial findings.
When asked on Thursday whether Manning has yet requested treatment, Coombs said in an email it was too soon to provide additional information. He said earlier in the week that if the army refuses to pay for it, Manning would pay, but it is not clear whether the prison will allow that.
Army Medical Command spokeswoman Maria Tolleson said soldiers are allowed on a case-by-case basis to pay for procedures not covered by the military’s medical insurance programme, such as elective cosmetic surgery.
Manning was diagnosed with gender dysphoria by two army behavioural health specialists before his trial, but Tolleson said in an email that patient medical records are reviewed and prisoners are re-evaluated when they move to a new facility.
She said army providers use nationally recognised standards found in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.
Coombs wrote on his blog that he told Manning during their conversation Wednesday of the public’s response to the Today show announcement, and of the decision by several news organisations, to refer to her by her new name.
“Manning was very happy to hear of these developments. He requested that I relay how grateful that Manning is for everyone’s understanding and continued support,” Coombs wrote.
Coombs also said Manning has already made some new friends at the prison.