Silvio Berlusconi has been Italy’s prime minister three times, making him the country’s longest-serving post-war premier. His leadership was undermined by sex scandals, and by the growing Euro zone sovereign debt crisis, and Berlusconi resigned as prime minister in November 2011, but mounted a comeback in late 2012.
Italian Senate panel backs expulsion of Berlusconi from parliament
Reuters in Rome
An Italian Senate committee yesterday recommended that former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi be expelled from parliament after his conviction for tax fraud, paving the way for a final decision this month that could seal his political fate.
The recommendation to kick out the man who has dominated Italian politics for the past two decades was taken by a cross-party committee of 23 senators dominated by the political opponents of the centre-right leader.
It will have to be ratified later this month by a vote of the full Senate, where Berlusconi's supporters are also in a minority, before he loses his seat.
Berlusconi did not attend yesterday's hearing, denouncing the procedure as a manoeuvre by his political enemies to remove him. His allies remained defiant after the vote.
"This is clearly a political decision to get rid of the leader of Italy's centre right by judicial means," said Renato Brunetta, lower house leader of Berlusconi's People of Freedom party.
"The axemen shouldn't delude themselves, what is rolling on the floor is the title of senator, not the head of the man and the politician Berlusconi, who remains the leader and point of reference for half of the Italians."
The Senate proceedings cap a disastrous week for the 77-year-old billionaire, who was forced into a humiliating climbdown on Wednesday by a party revolt which made him back centre-left Prime Minister Enrico Letta in parliament.
After pulling his ministers from the coalition government at the weekend and calling for new elections, Berlusconi had to reverse his decision to bring down the government and, instead, backed Letta in a confidence vote after dissenters in his own party threatened to tear the centre right apart.
The revolt left Berlusconi's PdL divided into two blocs, with 42-year-old party secretary Angelino Alfano heading a group of moderates while a hard core of loyalists remain with Berlusconi, although a formal split has not yet been confirmed.
Even if Berlusconi is expelled from the Senate as expected, he could still lead the centre right, or the part of it that remains loyal to him, from outside parliament.
However, his position would be weaker and he would be robbed of the protection from arrest which parliamentarians enjoy, which could be important as he faces many other legal cases. In August, Italy's top court found him guilty of tax fraud.